UNC-Chapel Hill PSYC 101 - Symptoms (15 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 of 15 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Symptoms



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
Unformatted text preview:

Psych 101 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture II Medical III Behavioral IV Socio cultural V Cognitive VI Diathesis stress VII The Basic Cognitive Principle VIII DSM IX DSM 5 changes X Anxiety Disorders Outline of Current Lecture I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII Symptoms Compulsion Class Clip Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Hoarding Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Etiology Cognitive Factors Stroop Test Preparedness Mood Disorders Manic Episode Mood Disorder Current Lecture o Panic disorder o Panic attack Emotion intense fear Physiological components Heartbeat changes Chest pain or discomfort Sweating Nausea or abdominal distress Trembling shaking Dizzy lightheaded faint Shortness of breath Chills or hot flushes Feeling of choking Parasthesias Cognitive components Fear of losing control or going crazy Fear of dying De realization or depersonalization What makes panic attack worse Self talk I am gonna die blah blah Hyperventilation over breathing Trauma and stress related disorders Formerly part of anxiety disorders in DSM IV now a separate category PTSD PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder People report having numbness emotional numbing Anhedonia is defined as the inability to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable Usually have flashback Obsessive compulsive and related disorders OCD o Previously part of the anxiety disorders Hoarding disorder Body Dysmorphia Disorder BDD OCD symptoms negative reinforcement helps worsening OCD Obsessions o Recurrent and persistent thoughts impulses or images that are intrusive and inappropriate and cause anxiety or distress o Not just excessive worries about real life problems o Person attempts to ignore suppress or neutralize them o Person may or may not recognize that obsessions are product of their own mind Compulsion o Repetitive behaviors or mental acts person feels driven to perform in response to obsession or according to rigid rules o Aimed at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation but not realistically connected or clearly excessive Class clip OCD girl thinks everything is contaminated and so she washed her 100 times a day and not touch anything with any thing Obsessive Compulsive Disorder General types of obsessions o Contamination o Symmetry o Doubts o Aggressive sexual religious images General types of compulsions o Cleaning and washing o Evening up and just right o Checking repeating Hoarding disorder A person with hoarding disorder experiences distress at the thought of getting rid of the items Excessive accumulation of items regardless of actual value occurs Moved from being a subtype of OCD to its own diagnosis in DSM 5 Obsessive compulsive and related disorders Body dysmorphic disorder involves belief that one s own appearance is unusually defective worthy of hiding or fixing while one s thoughts about it are pervasive and intrusive at least one hour per day although the perceived flaw might be nonexistent Checking o Reassurance seeking looking at the mirror asking others Formerly part of somatoform disorders in DSM IV BDD by proxy o Applying BDD to somebody else involves magnification of something o intrusive concerns about another person s appearance Etiology of anxiety disorders Genetics concordance rate in the book Cognitive factors o People interpret information in a biased manner People with anxiety disorder will interpret ambiguous info as threatening o Anxiety sensitivity o o Stroop test Interference to naming colors also occurs when the words involve some kind of threat seeking out threat information Social phobia lonely Panic doctor hospital doctor breathe OCD germs Paranoia follow o Preparedness o The things we are afraid are not random and we are biologically prepared based on evolutionary history to develop fear of certain things Conditioning o A classical conditioning acquisition of phobic fear Mowrer s two factor theory o Operant conditioning maintenance of phobic fear Mood disorders Major depression disorder and persistent depressive disorder formerly dysthymia low level of depression and last a long time o Major depressive disorder don t need to rmb all At least 2 weeks most of the day nearly every day Symptoms 5 or more for MDD Depressed mood Loss of interest pleasure Change in appetite usually Change in sleep usually Change in psychomotor activity agitation or retardation Fatigue loss of energy Worthlessness excessive inappropriate guilt Decreased ability to concentrate think indecisiveness Thoughts of death Distress Impairment o Persistent depressive disorder Similar to major depressive disorder but less severe and very lasting Bipolar disorder Manic Episode under mood disorder Presence of abnormally elevated expansive or irritable mood for at least one week 3 or more of the following criteria must be met o Inflated self esteem grandiosity o Decreased need for sleep o Pressured speech talking so quickly o Flight of ideas o Distractibility o Increase in goal directed activity or psychomotor agitation o Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences gambling substances use May be manifest only as a manic state or alternate with periods of depression Psychosis can occur Not attributed to a substance Mood disorder Etiology Genetics o If one identical twin has a bipolar disorder the other twin has a 70 risk of getting a bipolar disorder o Neurotransmitters o Certain role for neurotransmitter the primary neurotransmitter related to depression serotonin Cognitive biases o Automatic thought situation specific thought relate to core belief about yourself o Interpersonal factors o An interpersonal or social activity theory of depression This is the theory of why people STAY depressed o When one is less active he is less likely to have positive reinforcement One of the treatment involve increasing activities level behavioral activation Major life stressors o Panic disorder o Panic attack Emotion intense fear Physiological components Heartbeat changes Chest pain or discomfort Sweating Nausea or abdominal distress Trembling shaking Dizzy lightheaded faint Shortness of breath Chills or hot flushes Feeling of choking Parasthesias Cognitive components Fear of losing control or going crazy Fear of dying De realization or depersonalization What makes panic attack worse Self talk I am gonna die blah blah Hyperventilation over breathing Trauma and stress


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Symptoms and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Symptoms and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?