UA KIN 300 - Rome (8 pages)

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Physical Activity in Rome (history of)

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Alabama
Kin 300 - Intro to Kinesiology

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KIN 300 Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture I Greece a Influence b Focus c Athens and Sparta d Greek Women e Olympic Games Outline of Current Lecture I Rome a The Etruscans b Ancient Rome c Roman Sport i Military Training ii Women and Sport d Roman vs Greeks e Games and Spectacles i Arenas Current Lecture Rome The Etruscans The Etruscans whom the Romans adopted many of the features of their culture from were influenced by the Greeks the Phoenicians Egyptians and civilizations occupying Asia Minor Etruscan cities were often planned and built around arenas which served as sporting venues The development of Etruscan games and sport as well as their philosophy of the body had a profound impact on the outgrowth of Roman sport and games These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute The Etruscans Although there are no Etruscan literary works or historical accounts there are many writing samples carved on tombs 1958 discovery of the Tomb of the Olympic Games containing elaborate paintings depicting various sporting scenes Other tombs were discovered later that depicted footraces jumping contests discus chariot racing vaulting over wooden hurdles swimming gymnastics armed combat The Etruscans Statues discovered depict men women wrestlers competing against each other Suggests that both Etruscan men and women were active and competed against each other Women and men equally as athletic The Etruscans Employed sports and athletic festivals for entertainment Chariot races seem to have been the most popular of the festivals for entertainment Etruscan Sport Festivals seemed to have tendency for violence Used prisoners as sacrifices to honor the dead Later used prisoners as performers who entertained by fighting to the death Ancient Rome Following victory over Etruscans in 509 B C Roman Republic established Romans were utilitarian that is when they conquered an enemy they

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