Pitt NUR 0012 - Exam 1 Study Guide (11 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
11
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Pittsburgh
Course:
Nur 0012 - Anatomy and Physiology I
Anatomy and Physiology I Documents

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NUR 0012 Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 7 Lecture 1 August 27 Know the definitions of anatomy and physiology Anatomy study of the structure of the body and how those structures are designed to perform specific functions Physiology study of how body structures function and how their functions can regulate the body within a narrow range of values What are the levels of structural hierarchy in the human body The levels occur in the following order from most basic level to most complex The chemical level includes atoms elements organelles and other molecules The cellular level is the basic living unit of all things Next the tissue level includes 4 different types epithelial connective muscular and nervous A tissue is a group of like cells The organ level is composed of 2 or more types of tissues working together The organ system level is composed of organs working together example is the respiratory system which is composed of the lungs bronchi and trachea Lastly the organismal level can be made up of 1 cell or trillions of cells Know the gross components and general functions of the major organ systems 1 The integumentary system includes the skin dermis and glands Regulation and protection of the body prevents water loss 2 The skeletal system includes bones cartilages ligaments and tendons It provides the body with protection and support and produces red blood cells 3 The muscular system includes muscles which are attached to bones It controls movements posture and generates heat 4 The nervous system includes the brain spinal cord nerves and sensory receptors It regulates and coordinates sensation movement and other functions 5 The endocrine system includes the pituitary thymus thyroid parathyroid adrenal pineal ovaries testes and pancreas It involves the regulation and maintenance of growth metabolism etc 6 The cardiovascular system includes the heart blood vessels and blood It involves the transport of nutrients and waste It also has an immune function 7 The lymphatic



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