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FSU MET 1010 - CHAPTER 1

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CHAPTER 1A south wind:Blows South to NorthA towering cloud, or cluster of clouds, accompanied by thunder, lightning, and strong, gusty winds is a:AnticycloneAlmost all of the earth's weather occurs in the:TroposphereAreas of high atmospheric pressure are also known as:AnticycloneAs a radiosonde balloon ascends through the atmosphere, the balloon:Measures air temperatureAt night, when the weather is extremely cold and dry,??At the 500 mb level, the amount of oxygen inhaled in a single breath is ____ of that inhaled at sea-level.About one halfClouds often form in the:TroposphereCondensation is more likely to occur:As the air coolsGenerally, weather in the middle latitudes tends to move from ____ to ____.West to EastIf you were to take a breath of pure oxygen, from a tank, you'd be getting about ____ the amount of oxygen you'd get by taking a normal breath of our atmosphere.5 timesIn a temperature inversion:The temperature decreases with height much less than normalIn a volume of air near the earth's surface, ____ occupies 78 percent and ____ nearly 21 percent.Nitrogen, OxygenIn the atmosphere, tiny solid or liquid suspended particles of various composition are called:Aerosols In the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, surface winds tend to blow ____ and ____ around an area of surface low pressure.Counterclockwise, InwardIn the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, surface winds tend to blow ____ and ____ around an area of surface high pressure. Clockwise, OutwardIn the stratosphere, the air temperature normally:Increases with height Meteorology is the study of:The atmosphere and its phenomenaMost of the ionosphere is found in what atmospheric layer?ThermosphereMuch of Tibet lies at altitudes over 18,000 feet where the pressure is about 500 mb. At such altitudes, the Tibetans are above roughly:Above one half of the atmospheres moleculesOn a weather map, sharp changes in temperature, humidity, and wind direction are marked by:FrontOzone in the stratosphere:Contains about 90% of the OzoneSince the turn of this century, CO2 in the atmosphere has:IncreasedThe amount of force exerted over an area of surface is called:PressureThe atmospheric layer in which we live is called the:TroposphereThe difference in altitude (i.e., the thickness) is greatest in the layer bounded by:1mb and 10mbThe earth's atmosphere is divided into layers based on the vertical profile of:Air TemperatureThe electrified region of the upper atmosphere is called the:Ionosphere The gas responsible for the greenhouse effect on Venus is:Carbon DioxideThe gas that absorbs most of the harmful ultraviolet radiation in the stratosphere is:OzoneThe gas that shows the most variation from place to place and from time to time in the lower atmosphere is which of the following?Water VaporThe greenhouse gas that has been increasing in concentration, at least partly due to deforestation, is:Carbon DioxideThe hottest atmospheric layer is the:ThermosphereThe instrument that measures temperature, pressure, and humidity at various altitudes in the atmosphere is the:Barometer The ionosphere is an atmospheric layer that contains a high concentration of ions. An ion is:Atoms or molecules that have lost/gained 1+ electronsThe most abundant gases in the earth's atmosphere by volume are:Nitrogen and oxygenThe most abundant greenhouse gas in the earth's atmosphere is:Carbon dioxideThe number or mass of air molecules in a given space or volume is called:Density The only substance near the earth's surface that is found naturally in the atmosphere as a solid, liquid, and a gas is:Water The primary source of oxygen for the earth's atmosphere during the past half billion years or so appears to be:Photosynthesis The rate at which temperature decreases with increasing altitude is known as the:Lapse rateThe temperature of the tropopause:The temperature lapse rate for this layer is 6.5°C per kilometerThe wind direction is:?There is a lot of mixing and overturning of air in which of the following atmospheric layers?Troposphere Typically, water vapor occupies about what percentage of the air's volume near the earth's surface?4%Warming in the stratosphere is mainly caused by:Absorption of ultraviolet radiationWhere cold surface air replaces warm air, the boundary separating the different bodies of air is:A weather front Which latitude belt best describes the middle latitudes?30 degrees to 50 degrees Which of the following are NOT units of pressure?Which of the following equations is correct?Which of the following is MOST likely associated with fair weather?High-pressure areaWhich of the following is considered a variable gas in the earth's atmosphere?Water vaporWhich of the following processes remove CO2 from the atmosphere?Photosynthesis Which of the following weather elements ALWAYS decreases as we climb upward in the atmosphere?Pressure ____ holds a planet's atmosphere close to its surface.GravityCHAPTER 2"A good absorber of a given wavelength of radiation is also a good emitter of that wavelength." This is a statement of:Kirchhoff’s lawA change of one degree on the Celsius scale is ____ a change of one degree on the Fahrenheit scale.Degree Celsius x (9/5) + 32A red shirt:Selectively scatters red wavelengths of visible light and absorbs the rest.According to Wein's displacement law, the wavelength at which maximum radiation occurs:Is inversely proportional to the temperature An increase in albedo would be accompanied by ____ in radiative equilibrium temperature.A decrease Charged particles from the sun that travel through space at high speeds are called:Solar flaresClouds ____ infrared radiation and ____ visible radiation.Absorb, reflectElectromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 0.4 and 0.7 micrometers is called:Visible light Energy of motion is also known as:Kinetic energy Evaporation is a ____ process.Cooling Heat is energy in the process of being transferred from:Molecule to molecule How do red and blue light differ?the red light is of lower frequency, lower energy and longer wavelengthHow much radiant energy will an object emit if its temperature is at absolute zero?None If the amount of energy lost by the earth to space each year were not approximately equal to that received,The atmospheres average temperature would changeIf the average temperature of the sun increased, the wavelength of peak solar emission would:Shift to a shorter wavelength If the earth's average surface temperature were to increase, the amount of


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