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FSU MET 1010 - Exam 2 Study Guide

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-MET1010 Exam 2 Study Guide-CHAPTER 51. Dew is most likely to form on: nights that are clear and calm than on nights that are cloudy and windy2. The name given to a liquid drop of dew that freezes when the air temperature drops below freezing is: frozen dew3. The cooling of the ground to produce dew is mainly the result of: radiational cooling4. For frozen dew to form, all of the above, the air temperature needs to drop to freezing or below5. Suppose it is a winter night and at about 10 p.m., the air cools to the dew-point temperature and a thick radiation fog develops. If the air continues to cool during the night, in 5 hours the dew point temperature will probably: decrease as the air becomes drier6. Particles that serve as surfaces on which water vapor may condense are called: condensation nuclei7. Frost forms when: all of the above, when the dew point temperature is at or below freezing8. On a humid day, the ____ causes salty potato chips left outside in an uncovered bowl to turn soggy. the attraction of water by hygroscopic condensation nuclei9. Frost typically forms on the inside of a windowpane (rather than the outside) because: there is more water vapor touching the inside of the pane10. Condensation nuclei may be: particles of dust11. Condensation nuclei are important in the atmosphere because: without them, condensation would not occur easily in atmosphere12. Under what circumstances could the relative humidity exceed 100 percent without producing fog? there are no condensation nuclei present13. Wet haze forms when the relative humidity is: less than 100%14. On a cold winter morning, the air near the surface is full of smoke particles. If fog should form in this air, it will probably be ____ fog that forms in cleaner air. be thicker than fog15. High fog is also called ____. stratus16. When radiation fog "burns off", the fog tends to dissipate: from bottom up17. When fog "burns off," it: evaporates18. On a clear night, the minimum temperature drops to 34°F. The following night, fog forms early in the evening. It is a good bet the minimum temperature will not be as low because of the: enhancement of the greenhouse effect by the fog cloud19. Winter fog in the Central Valley region of California is mainly due to: radiational cooling20. On a cold, winter morning, the most likely place for radiation fog to form is: in a valley21. The fog that forms along the Pacific coastline of North America is mainly which type? advection fog22. Fog that forms off the coast of Newfoundland is mainly a form of: advection fog23. Along an irregular coastline, advection fog is more likely to form at the headlands than at the beaches because of the ____ surface winds and ____ air. converging; rising24. If fog is forming at Denver, Colorado, and the wind is blowing from the east, then the fog is most likely: upslope fog25. Exhaled breath from your mouth can condense when: it is very cold26. When you see your breath on a cold morning, the air temperature: can be above or below freezing27. The use of helicopters to mix the air and disperse radiation fog at airports is effective provided that: the fog is a shallow radiation fog with a relatively low liquid water content28. On a cold, calm autumn morning, the formation of fog above a relatively warm lake would most likely be:steam fog29. Which fog does not necessarily form in air that is cooling? Evaporation fog 30. Frontal fog most commonly forms as ____ raindrops fall into a layer of ____ air. Warm; colder31. Fog that most often forms as warm rain falls into a cold layer of surface air is called: Evaporation32. Clouds are classified by their ____. Appearance33. A reasonably successful method of dispersing cold fog is to: Seed the fog with dry ice34. Fog is a major hazard to aviation. True35. Which association below is NOT correct? Altrostratus- high cloud36. At which city might you be able to observe cirrus clouds at an altitude of 3,000 m (10,000 feet) above the surface? Barrow, Alaska37. Even at high elevations where cirrus clouds are found, liquid water still exists in the clouds. False38. Which association below is not correct? Altocumulus castellanus- resemble “little castles"39. Which cloud is LEAST likely to produce precipitation that reaches the ground? Cirrocumulus 40. In middle latitudes, which cloud will have the highest base? cirrostratus41. A halo around the moon means that: cirrostratus clouds are present and the clouds overhead are high clouds42. Which cloud type is composed of ice crystals and can cause a halo to form around the sun or moon? cirrostratus43. Which of the following associations is not correct? cumulus congestus - anviltop44. Light or moderate-but-steady precipitation is most often associated with ____ clouds. nimbostratus45. In middle latitudes, which cloud will have the lowest base? stratocumulus46. Which of the following cloud types would be found at the highest elevation above the earth's surface? cirrocumulus47. Which of the following pairs of cloud types could be very similar in appearance? altocumulus and cirrocumulus48. Which clouds often appear in parallel waves or bands?altocumulus49. A "mackerel sky" describes what type of cloud? cirrocumulus50. When viewed from the surface, the smallest individual cloud elements (puffs) are observed with which cloud? cirrocumulus51. Cirrus clouds are composed primarily of: ice particles52. Detached clouds of delicate and fibrous appearance, without shading, usually white in color and sometimes of a silky appearance are: cirrus clouds53. Suppose the sky is completely covered with a thin, white layered-type cloud. You look at the ground and see that objects cast a distinct shadow. From this you conclude that the cloud type must be: cirrostratus54. At middle latitudes, the base of an altostratus or altocumulus cloud would generally be found between: 6500 and 23000 feet55. A middle cloud that sometimes forms in parallel waves or bands is: altocumulus56. A dim, "watery" sun visible through a gray sheet-like cloud layer is often a good indication of ____ clouds. altostratus57. The name given to ragged-looking clouds that rapidly drift with the wind beneath a rain-producing cloud is: scud58. An anvil-shaped top is most often associated with: cumulonimbus59. If you hold your hand at arm's length and cloud elements appear to be about the size of your fist, the cloud type is probably: stratocumulus60. The name given to a towering cloud that has NOT fully developed into a


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