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FSU HFT 2716 - Exam 4

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HFT2716 EXAM 4 NOTESThe way these notes work is that the regular type is notes he gave in class. The notes that are italicized are notes I read in the book that I fell might be on the test. Since there is only one chapter for this test it seems likely that he will be pulling more information from the book for this test. Bolded things are things emphasized in class or in the review in class. Good luck!THE ENVIROMENT AND ITS PEOPLETHE LAND- South Asia: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It also includes Bhutan, Nepal, Afghanistan, and the coral archipelago of the Maldives. Himalayan Mntns to the north. Contains 3 important rivers Indus, Ganga (previously Ganges), and the Brahmaputra- Southeast Asia: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos… mostly jungles, very humid, volcanoes along the Ring of Fire. Also includes Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and the Philippines. - East Asia: Japan, China, and Korea (North and South), Taiwan, and Mongolia. About ¼ of all the people in the world live here and covers about 15% of the Asian continent. Huang He aka Yellow River and the Ch’ang aka Yangtze are here. Deserts to the north (Gobi), the south is green-Mount Everest, located in the Himalaya north of India, is the highest point on earthTHE CLIMATE- Monsoons- moisture from the oceans moves inland.- Chief feature of Asia’s Climate- Caused by the Trade Winds- India o eternal snows to the north Himalayan Mountainso Monsoon toward the end of May- Thailando tropical climates<with the seasons, hot, rainy and coolo Rainy July-October- Chinao extremes are characteristico long cold winters to the northo The southeast pleasantly warm and tropicalo Cyclones and typhoons often ravage the coast during the fallo Earthquakes are frequent- <Japano Climate similar to eastern U.S. because it has the same latitudeo Seasonal monsoons bring cold air and heavy snow in winter to Northern Japano Summers are hot and humid to central and southern Japano Rainy season are from mid-June to early July and from Sept to Oct.o Typhoons may strike in late summer and fallTHE PEOPLE AND THEIR HISTORY- Indiao World’s largest democracy and one of Asia’s oldest and most successful countrieso The 2nd<most populated countryo 700 languageso 80% of the population is Hinduso 12% Muslimo Remaining 8% is Christian, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. Mostly Christians and Buddhistso Towns whose names end with pur have a Hindu background and those ending with abad began in Muslimo Delhi- capital, on the banks of Yamuna River Filled with ancient sites and monuments Divided in 2- new and old New Delhi- was built by the British colonial administration in 1931. It is modern Old Delhi is a walled Muslim city built around the Red Fort around 1636-1658 (1600’s)o Agra Most popular sightseeing destination 4.5 hour car ride south of Delhi Site of the Taj Mahal Palace (Crown Palace) Built by the emperor Shah Jahan to house the body of his wife, Mumatz Mahal “the chosen of the palace” she was his love- Original inlaid with precious stone, but most were stolen in 18th cento Jaipur:< “the Pink City” The city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of the Whales in 1876Hawa Mahal (“Palace of the Winds”) it's a facade of 953 screened windows where ladies of the harem would look out without being seeno Mumbai (Bombay) The largest city.< Home of ”Bollywood” India’s film industry located here Rudyard Kipling born here, wrote Ballad of East and West Most important commercial and industrial city Noted for Victorian buildings Gateway of India, erected by King George V, emperor of India that first took foot on Indian soil in 1911 Gharpuri (Elephanta Island)- cave temple from the 7th cent.o Chennai (Madras)  A huge tropical city Outsourcing has generated many new jobs South is the part of India least visited by tourists, but it reflects Indian heritage in its purist formo Kolkata (Calcutta)  Port of Trade Crowded city with many people living in slums Slums are called bustees Thousands sleep in the streetso Varanasi (Benares)  Religious center Compared to Rome, Jerusalem and Mecca It’s on the western bank of the holy Ganga Ghats- stoned-stepped river embarkments It’s the place where Hindus come to die b/c it stops the eternal cycleo Other Kashmir- disputed territory- India controls 2/3 of the area- Predominately Muslim\- the area is very volatile and very beautiful Goa- Portuguese colonized the area in 16th cent.- Bought their lifestyle and religion- It has developed into a resort with beautiful beaches-Panaji- capital Wildlife tours- Many national parks. - However animals are not the same as in Africa- Animals are more solitary and elusive and not seen easily in large herds- Bengal Tigers and Asiatic elephants are the two most impressive- Ranthambore National Park- one of few places tigers can be observed in the wild, once a hunting preserve of the maharajahsTHAILAND - Was never part of any European colonial empire- There are many resorts south of Bangkok. - Mostly beach resorts Pattaya known as the Thai Riviera.- Chao Phraya Cruises- on the Chao Phraya River. Similar to Egypt’s Nile- About the size of France on the Malay Peninsula- Bangkok o capital and largest cityo Westernized, crowedo The Grand Palace is a major landmark, and contains the Wat Phra Kaeo, a temple complex that houses the Emerald BuddhaSINGAPORE- Enjoys one of the world’s highest standard of livingo Unemployment, poor housing, and illiteracy have been almost wiped out- A modern metropolis and world financial center- An important trading post since the 12th<century- Great port facilities – the best in southeast Asia- Travelers be wary of strictly enforced rules, for jaywalking and littering-Padang “Plain” is the last remnants of the old Singapore-Raffles Hotel – is very luxurious and one of the best places to visitCHINA- A land of geographic contrast- The most populated country in the world- Official language is Mandarin, however over 700 dialects are spoken.- In the 1950’s a system of writing using the Roman alphabet (Pinyin) was introduced- 26 provinces - Has more than 39 cities that have a population of over one million- Beijing (Peking)o Capitalo Cultural and political centero Climate: swelters in the summer, freezing winds in winter, and carpeted by yellowdust in spring form the Gobi (which means desert)o Forbidden City Center of the


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