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FSU HFT 2716 - Chapter 1 questions

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• Chapter 1 questionso What’s been the criticism of globalization? Supraterritoriality, negative impact on local communities, delocalization and outsourcing, separation of work from home, and decline in social capital and civic communityo What’s been the influence of globalization on tourism? Development in electronic technology, communication, and transportationo What is the difference between mass tourism and present-day-tourism? Mass tourism dealt with mass produced goods at a low price, known as “McDonalization.” Now customers want a more authentic and customized experience. o Today tourism is more what? globalo What is cultural commodization? (like commodity) Done by creating inauthentic cultural artifacts, specifically designed for tourist consumption and adapting them to the needs of touristso List the benefits of globalization Increased trade, capital, human flows, and created thousands of jobso Describe the new tourism consumer More globally orientedo Know cultural hybrid dissation Implies the incorporations of cultural elements from a variety of sources within particular cultural practiceso What is glocalization?  Blend of globalization and localization. Example would be a Moscow McDonalds• Chapter 4 Cultural Practiceso Erosion of local cultures Many societies experience erosion with the increase in international travelo Cultural commodization and transformation Traditional culture is being packaged and treated as a commodity for sale. Local culture is commercially exploited and the rights of locals to won their heritage is lost. o Cultural hostility A form of cultural rejection or denial often associated with anger and aggression They refuse to accept other’s view of the worldo Cultural arrogance Host populations stage cultural experiences to compensate tourists for the lack of real experience Backstage areas is where locals continue with their traditionso Authenticity of tourism experiences Pseudo-artifacts that are produced and commoditized  Inauthentic products are created Tourists are often willing to perceive the products as being authentico Renaissance of traditional art forms Rejuvenation of arts and crafts Revival of original traditionso Marketing of culture and violation of rights to own cultural heritage Traditional culture is treated as a commodity Locals lose their rights Culture is turned into a paid performance. o Culture change Occurs as a result of:• Evolutionary changes within society• The way people live• Contact between societies o Cultural diffusion The spread of cultural elements such as:• Ideas• Styles• Food• Religion• Technologies o Cultural borrowing Occurs when 2 cultures come into contact and borrow each other’s traditions, customs and valueso Cultural drift A temporary and random cultural change• Language Behavior may change temporarily for the duration of the tourists visit or brought about through education and technologyo Acculturation Occurs when individuals from different cultures come into contact Individuals may maintain their culture of origin while gaining characteristics of others o Cultural adaption Adaptation of elements of other cultures To meet the tourist need locals change their behavior and attitude.o Cultural adjustment 4 different stages tourists go through:• Honeymoon stage: everything is wonderful when first get there• Hostility stage: Find things wrong and question local culture (why do they drive on that side of the road? Why is everything small?)• Integration: Now you’ve taken the hostile stage and adapted to those problems. Not so bad anymore• Home stage: you’re leaving soon, wish stay longer. But happy to be homeo Cultural assimilation Replacement of one set of cultural traits by anothero Enculturation The learning of what is contained in a culture Learning the accepted norms and values and also the language (break down differences of how English is spoken in Boston and Mississippi ex)o Demonstration effect The effect on the behavior of individuals caused by the observation of the action of others Local residents adopt the styles and manners of touristso Cultural conflict Created by cultural contacts Conflicts arise because people are from different cultureso Shit to know**** What is cultural rejection/denial?• Cultural hostility, refuse to accept others views of the world What is cultural diffusion?• The spread of cultural elements such as:o Ideaso Styleso Foodo Religiono Technologies  What is cultural hostility?• Type of cultural rejection and denial in which you refuse to accept others views of the world What is acculturation? Enculturation?• Acc: Individuals may maintain their culture of origin while gaining characteristics of others • Enc: The learning of what is contained in a culture• Learning the accepted norms and values and also the language (break down differences of how English is spoken in Boston and Mississippi ex) What are the stages a visitor/tourist goes through when visiting another country?• Honeymoon stage: everything is wonderful when first get there• Hostility stage: Find things wrong and question local culture (why do they drive on that side of the road? Why is everything small?)• Integration: Now you’ve taken the hostile stage and adapted to those problems. Not so bad anymore• Home stage: you’re leaving soon, wish stay longer. But happy to be home What is cultural erosion?• Many societies experience erosion with the increase in international travel What is cultural arrogance?• Host populations stage cultural experiences to compensate tourists for the lack of real experience What is cultural adaptation?• Adaptation of elements of other cultures• To meet the tourist need locals change their behavior and attitude. What are the pros and cons of selling historical artifacts?• Traditional culture is treated as a commodity• Locals lose their rights• Culture is turned into a paid performance. • Chapter 5 Culture and Cultural Differenceso Definition of culture Many definitions from anthropologist and archaeologists. Include:• Human environment• Way of life• Behavior • Rules of social life• Food and eating habits• Dress and appearanceo Culture as civilization Some countries are considered to be more civilized and cultured Cultured is used to


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