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FSU HFT 2716 - Study Guide

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The Land green The Climate o South Asia India Pakistan Bangladesh Himalayan Mtns to the north o Southeast Asia Vietnam Cambodia Laos Thailand it was never part of European colonial Mostly jungles very humid volcanoes along the Ring of Fire o East Asia Japan China Korea deserts to the North Gobi the south is o Monsoons moisture from the oceans moves inland Chief feature of Asia s climate Caused by the Trade Winds o India eternal snows to the north Himalayan Mountains Monsoon toward o Thailand Tropical climate with three seasons hot rainy and cool Rainy the end of May season from July October o China extremes are characteristic Cold winters to the north The southeast is pleasantly warm and tropical o Japan climate similar to eastern US same latitudes Seasonal monsoons bring cold air and heavy snow in winter Summers are hot and humid People and History o India world s largest democracy The 2nd most popular country 700 languages 80 population is Hindus 12 Muslims the other mostly Christian and Buddhists o The Cities Delhi capital Filled with ancient sites and monuments Divided into 2 new and old The new was built by the British Colonial Administration in 1931 It s modern Old Delhi is a walled Muslim city built in the 1600s Agra the most popular sightseeing destination Site of the Taj Mahal Palace Built by Emperor Shah Jahan to house the body of his wife Jaipur the Pink City City was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales in 1876 Mumbai Bombay the largest city Home of the Bollywood India s film industry located here Chennai Madras a tropical city Outsourcing has generated Kolkata Calcutta port of Trade Crowded city with many many new jobs people living in slums Varanasi Benares religious center Compared to Rome Jerusalem and Mecca o Other places in India Kashmir disputed territory India controls 2 3 of the area Predominately Muslim o Thailand and Singapore Goa Portuguese colonized the area Brought their lifestyle and religion It has developed into a resort with beautiful beaches Wildlife Tours many national parks However animals in India are not like Africa In India they are solitary tiger and the Asiatic elephant Was never part of any European colonial empire Many resorts south of the capital Bangkok Mostly beach resorts Pattaya known as the Thai Riveria Chao Phraya River Similar to Egypt s Nile Thailand about the size of France located on the Malay peninsula Bangkok capital and largest city Westernized crowded The Grand Palace is a major landmark Houses the Emerald Buddha Chiang Mai second largest city Place to escape from humidity Region of ancient temples Singapore Enjoys one of the world s highest standards of living Modern metropolis and world financial center Important trading post since the 12th century Great port facilities the best in southeast Asia China China cities Land of geographic contrasts The most populated country in the world Official language is Mandarin However over 700 dialects are spoken In the 1950s a system of writing using the Roman alphabet Pinyin was introduced Beijing Peking Capital Cultural and political center The Forbidding City is in the center of the city It was off limits to people for more than 500 years The Imperial City surrounds the Forbidding City The Great Wall is nearby Tiannamen Square the biggest in the world attracts many tourists Shanghai the largest city Once known as the Paris of the East The French designed the Opera House a popular destination Nanjing Nanking one of China s most beautiful cities The Mind emperors had their seat of government here southern capital Guangzhou Canton the closest city to Hong Kong Center of handicraft industry Ivory and Jade carvings The Northwest Provinces Terracotta Warriors Tomb of Emperor Quin Shi 210 BC The site contains an army of 6000 Terracotta warriors All have a different face The Silk Road traveled by Marco Polo Xian was the eastern most city of the Silk Road Mogao Caves these are caves in the desert covered with murals telling the story of Buddhism The Central provinces Chengdu religious sites City of Leshan has a display of a giant stone Buddha 3 Gorges The Dam has been completed Many areas were inundated and many historic sites were lost River cruises are popular The Southern provinces Guilin region magnet for poets writers monks and missionaries Stone Forest Near Vietnam and Laos Rocks shaped like needles form the trees Tibet has been part of China since the 1950s For centuries it was an independent country isolated from the world Monks from India introduced Buddhism to the area Hong Kong The British took Hong Kong from China in 1841 after the First Opium War It was returned in 1997 Kowloon side of the city is where you ll find the Golden Mile This is where the most of the hotels are found Hong Kong side is where the World Financial Center is located Macao a former Portuguese colony Returned to China in 1999 40 of its income comes from gambling 4 large islands make up 98 of its territory o Hokkaido Honshu Shikoku Kyushu The cities of Tokyo Kyoto and Osaka are all on same Island Tokyo The capital Business center and home of the emperor Tokyo was devastated in 1923 by an earthquake and again in 1945 by air raids Ginza expensive shopping district Original name Edo Citites o Kyoto Japan s first capital form more than a thousand years It is a center for the arts culture religion and thought o Osaka third largest city Called the Venice of Japan Many canals and rivers Japan Other places to visit o Mount Fuji a few hours from Tokyo Highest and holiest mountain A dormant volcano o Nikko The name means sunlight Center of Japan s greatest shrine The Toshogu Shrine is a center of pilgrimage o Hokkaido the northern most island Mostly rural and traditional Sapporo is the cultural political and economic center o Shikoku smallest of Japan s four islands Very scenic it is part of the Inland Sean National Park The island has many holy temples o Kyushu Japan s southern most island It is mountains with volcanoes and subtropical scenery Nagasaki on west coast was first Japanese port and site of where the nuclear bomb hit Other destinations in Asia o South Asia Bangladesh Known for tropical cyclones and poverty Densely populated and has a lot of rain Maldives Asia s smallest independent country Consists of Coral Atoll Islands Fear that a tsunami or many rains could wipe the islands out completely Sri Lanka Previously known as Ceylon until 1972 Southeast tip of India Colombo is the capital Known for its


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