SC ANTH 102 - Final Exam Study Guide (13 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Study Guide
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Anth 102 - Understand Other Cult

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ANTH 102 1nd Edition Final Exam Study Guide Lecture 1 August 25 Vocabulary Holism Studying a problem by embedding it in a broad social context Studying the whole of the human condition Theory a set of ideas formulated to explain something Enculturation The process of learning and adopting the practices of a culture Lecture 2 August 27 Vocabulary Four Fields of Anthropology Cultural biological archeological and linguistic anthropology Some anthropologists consider there to a fifth field applied anthropology Culture traditions and customs transmitted through learning that form and guide the beliefs and behavior of the people exposed to them Cultural Relativism An idea perpetuated by Franz Boas You cannot judge a culture based on your own cultural standards Functionalism An idea perpetuated by sociologist Talcott Parsons Society is like a human body every part of society has a function even if largely disused Historical Particularism Another idea of Franz Boas complementing cultural relativism You must judge the development of a society on its own terms without comparing it to other cultures Globalization A force of change which impacts different parts of the world in different ways as cultures interact Macroculture Defining characteristics of a culture at a national level Microculture The different groups that combine to form a macroculture Armchair Anthropologist One of a class of men who made assumptions on human cultures based on the writings of others rather than direct observation Ethnocentrism The opposite of cultural relativism judging a culture solely by the standards of your own culture Ethnography A systematic study of a culture In modern anthropology generally focusing on one part of culture rather than an all encompassing view Lecture 3 September 3 Vocabulary Fieldwork Going to the area of study to conduct research Observer s Paradox By being present you change the behavior of the people you are observing and they do not act or speak as they normally might

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