SC ANTH 102 - Migration (5 pages)

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Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Anth 102 - Understand Other Cult
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ANTH 102 1nd Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture Race The Power of Illusion video I II III IV V VI VII Differences between us Understanding of race in the USA Actual data So what then are actual racial lines Race Division in USA Eugenics Gel electrophoresis Outline of Current Lecture Migration I II III IV Introduction a America is a nation of immigrants b People migrate for lots of reasons Kinds of Migration a Internal migration i Push Pull Theory ii Health implications b International migration i United States ii Interesting Facts c Transnational migration Reasons for Migrations a Labor Migrations b Displaced persons i Reasons ii Refugees iii Internally displaced persons c Institutional migrants Trends in Migration a The New Immigration i Chain migration b Globalization These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute V c Acceleration d Feminization e Issues confronting migrants i Xenophobia ii Stereotypes Facts About Migrants Current Lecture Migration VI VII Introduction a America is a nation of immigrants i Ellis Island European immigration ii Today think of undocumented Latin immigrants b People migrate for lots of reasons i Find better opportunities ii Political refugees 1 Targeted for persecution iii Economic refugees 1 Targeted for persecution iv Elite businesspeople 1 Taking jobs overseas Kinds of Migration a Internal migration i Movement within national and or regional boundaries ii Historically rural urban movement iii Push Pull Theory 1 Reasons to leave reasons to go to a new place iv Health implications 1 Rural people go to urban areas and their health profile decreases in quality 2 Typically packed together in low income housing 3 Tend to be more stressed out b International migration i Across international boundaries ii Labor migration is the majority of people in this category iii Main reasons for moving are economic and political trends in sending and receiving countries iv Core receiving countries USA Canada Australia New Zealand Argentina v United States VIII 1 1815 1860 5 million immigrants English Irish Germanic Scandinavian and others from NW Europe 2 1865 1890 10 million settle in America from NW Europe 3 1890 1914 15 million from Austro Hungarian Turish Lithuanian Russian Jewish Greek Italian Romanian 4 1980s on new migration flows from Latin America and the Caribbean 5 White Immigration policies practiced in industrialized nations during the early 20th century a The white immigrants could contribute more b Others considered economic parasites i S Central America migration discouraged c Policies ended 1960s 70s as labor needs changed i Looking for cheap sources of labor vi Interesting Facts 1 2 of global populations live outside of country of origin 2 100 million people both legal and undocumented 3 35 million people from developing world have moved to industrialized nations in the past 3 decades c Transnational migration i Movement back and forth between home and host country ii Much of movement is motivated by economic factors iii Transnational migrants can form new identities that transcend local geopolitical units 1 New Yoricans Puerto Ricans in NYC 2 Dominican Yols Dominicans in NYC a Somewhat derogatory b Considered watered down versions of Dominicans c Dominican Yols corrupted by NY culture Reasons for Migrations a Labor Migrations i Majority of migrants around the world ii Usually non permanent residents who work for a specific period of time iii Duration may be short or for many years iv Asian women fastest growing group in this category v Main sending countries Phillipines Indonesia Sri Lanka Thailand b Displaced persons i People forced to leave homes communities or countries and live elsewhere ii Reasons 1 war colonialism natural disasters persecution iii Refugees 1 Displaced persons as a result of persecution IX 2 Ethnicity religion nationality gender iv Internally displaced persons 1 Displaced from their communities homes but remain in the same country like Katrina evacuees in the USA c Institutional migrants i People who move into new social institutions voluntarily or involuntary ii Includes 1 Religious personnel soldiers the elderly students prisoners iii Health implications 1 Could be negative impact on health 2 Freshman 15 Trends in Migration a The New Immigration i Migrant stream since 1960s where in the US changes in Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 made white preferences drop ii Facilitated movement of folks from underdeveloped countries esp if they had specialized skills iii Family reunification provision allowed these immigrants naturalized citizens and permanent residents to petition for family members to join them in the USA iv Chain migration 1 One individual from household comes to USA gains employment petition for different members of the family to come over in a sort of 1 by 1 process until the whole family is over b Globalization i The scale of migration has increased leading to great diversity in sending and receiving countries c Acceleration i The pace of migration has increased d Feminization i The role of women in migration streams is increasing and in some cases women are the majority e Issues confronting migrants i Xenophobia 1 Fear hatred of strangers foreign things 2 Often result of ignorance and lack of exposure 3 Contributes to stereotypes and is shaped by stereotypes of migrants 4 Public perceptions reflect real issues and real problems but they also reflect ignorance prejudice and fear IOM ii Stereotypes 1 Many migrants here illegally X 2 Migrants are asylum seekers 3 Migrants esp low skilled are displacing local workers and abusing social welfare systems 4 Migrants from Muslim countries seen as potential security risks and linked to terrorism Facts About Migrants a Usually take jobs that would otherwise remain unfilled b Usually contribute more in taxes than they consume in services c 40 of migration takes place BETWEEN developing countries d Health of migrants can suffer as a result of the migration experience i Latino Paradox

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