SC ANTH 102 - TA Research Presentations (6 pages)

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TA Research Presentations

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TA Research Presentations


Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Anth 102 - Understand Other Cult
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ANTH 102 1nd Edition Lecture 25 Outline of Last Lecture Semester Overview I II III IV V VI Thinking of Anthropology Lessons from the Field The Big Questions What distinguishes anthropology from other disciplines Why study anthropology Quick Last Things Outline of Current Lecture TA Presentations I Maya Communities in Guatemala a Group network b Conservation c Livingston Guatemala d Community System II Indigenous Dress in Ecuador a Appropriation b Case Study Quito Ecuador c Diversity as Nationalism d Gender Issues III Chikungunya a Details b Medical Anthropology These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute i Ecological evolutionary ii Critical Medical Anthropology iii Interpretive Model Current Lecture TA Presentations IV Maya Communities in Guatemala a Switted agriculture plant corn grow pigs use communal plots of land b Group network i How does this expand from the one community to other rural communities ii Hold meetings for the different cooperatives c Conservation i Global to local scale ii How does it fit with the organization of local areas iii Try to aid in incorporating their voice into the legislature regarding zone systems and bioreserves d Livingston Guatemala i Began as ecotourism study realized the community had a system of cooperatives to gain income ii Local hub and largest town iii The study site is a more rural community outside of Livingston e Community System i 750 residents 117 families ii Sources of income 1 Wage labor in nearest town 2 Curandero 3 Independent handicraft vendor 4 Subsistence farming f Community History i Community pushes for electricity potable water dirt road ii Belong to a network of 130 communities who work together to accomplish common goals g Reciprocation to the Community i Set up a website to increase tourism traffic to the community V Indigenous Dress in Ecuador a Appropriation i The action of taking something for one s own use typically without the owner s permission ii What constitutes permission and who needs to give it How does this change the act of appropriating iii Source similarity significance b Why does it matter i Dress as art Commodity Imposed social standard Link to heritage ii Push women into the home sphere with dress c Case Study Quito Ecuador i Identify as Quechua speakers but also by their specific towns ii Plays up diversity with environment and indigenous groups iii Individuals identify with local over the national scale d Diversity as Nationalism i Move towards indigenous rights desire to showcase indigenous populations need to look indigenous assumptions and associations with dress 1 Tourists look for the authentically different 2 The Un Changing Native a Dress is based on convenience and culture not just boxing them into the identification of their group b Clothing is typically cheaper and better made e Gender Issues i Women s bodies policed more ii Men who work in the city are more fluid with their dress where women tend to be more traditional in dress f Indigenous dress has a lot of power i Trying to sell an identity of different ii Various commercial groups make watered down reproductions or imitations influenced patterns of native dress to sell in malls VI Chikungunya a Details i Mosquito born ii Fever rash severe arthralgia 1 Arthritis could be permanent iii First cases in Tanzania iv Vaccines currently unavailable v Treatment is rest and NSAIDS b Medical Anthropology i Ecological evolutionary 1 Adaptations take to face a problem a Genetic physiological cultural 2 Advantages a Scientific legitimacy b Empirical data c Basis for comparison 3 Criticisms a Fails to address sociopolitical dimensions b What is considered environment 4 What are the ecological conditions that spread the disease 5 What are the characteristics of the virus that spread the disease 6 Sociocultural adaptations that shape and spread disease ii Critical Medical Anthropology 1 Emphasizes political and economic forces 2 Subjects epidemiological data to analysis 3 Questions are around political and economic structures 4 Benefits a Disease patterns class structures b Historical and comparative perspective c International factors on loval encironments 5 Criticisms a Not enough biology b Depersonalizes disease c Overly deterministic 6 What socioeconomic class does the disease primarily affect 7 What historical events lead to current socioeconomic situation Who benefits from these arrangements iii Interpretive Model 1 Seeks to understand cultural meanings of illness that affect experience of sickness 2 Benefits a Personal approach b Framework for more beneficial public health policies 3 Criticisms a To particular 4 What connotations surround the disease 5 How do local healers make sense of the disease 6 What objectives do competing narratives seek to fulfill 7 How do conceptions of disease shape public health campaigns and treatment

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