Pitt PSY 0160 - 5 Factor Model (4 pages)

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5 Factor Model

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5 Factor Model


Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Pittsburgh
Psy 0160 - Psychology of Personality

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Personality Psychology Lecture 13 Outline of Last Lecture Factor analysis Step 1 5 Cattell 3 categories of source traits Ability traits Temperament traits Dynamic traits 16 PF Test Hans Eysenck Secondary factor analysis 3 factor model Super factors Extraversion Neuroticism Psychoticism Measurement Psychopathology Outline of Current Lecture 5 Factor Model Cross cultural research NEO PI R test Costa and McCrea Growth and Development 6 factor model Evaluation Current Lecture Five Factor Model Big 5 Based on research evidence Emphasized influence of biology Focused on individual differences o How do people differ from each other o Is there a basic set of human individual differences Is there a set of traits that can describe everyone Costa and McCrea o Said big 5 structure is biologically based and that the structure is a human universal These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Factor analyses of 3 types of data o Trait terms in natural language don t use hard words to name traits o Cross cultural research Traits are cultural universals Emphasized biological nature of the 5 factors they are essential to survival so thus find the traits universally o Relation of trait questionnaires to other questionnaires assessment tools that look at traits and from other theory bases 5 factors o Continuum can be high low or somewhere in between 5 factors o These are enough to adequately describe someone s personality o Openness to experience what experiential life is like Vs closed to new experience o Conscientiousness goal directed behavior how well someone can deal with requirements of society impulse control Vs lack of direction o Extraversion Vs introversion o Agreeableness Vs antagonistic o Neuroticism Vs emotional stability Cross cultural research See if big 5 are universal Methodical problem translation o Different languages have different words for things or even

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