Pitt PSY 0160 - Trait Theory (3 pages)

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Trait Theory

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Trait Theory


Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Pittsburgh
Psy 0160 - Psychology of Personality

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Personality Psychology Lecture 11 Outline of Last Lecture Reinforce Partial reinforcement Continuous reinforcement Interval vs ratio Punishment Skinner Box Skinner Baby Tender Box Free Will Skinner Shaping Successive Approximations Growth and Development Skinner Systematic Desensitization Counterconditioning Fear hierarchy Causes of Behavioral disorders Behavioral Assessment What to identify ABC assessment ABA Research Design Behaviorism evaluation Outline of Current Lecture Trait Theory Trait Theorists Gordon Allport o Cardinal traits o Central traits o Secondary traits Raymond Cattell o Factor analysis Current Lecture Trait theory Trait o o o Neuropsychic structures Initiate and guide consistent forms of adaptive and expressive behavior Common or personal These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o o o Can be studied nomothetically fixed standardized or ideographically flexible The same trait can be found in every person but at different strengths Importance of the situation different one expressed in various situations explains variability State Activities Role Trait Theorists Gordon Allport started this field of trait theory o Humanistic view person in state of becoming o Emphasis on individuals unique behavior and thoughts o Preferred to study trait ideographically flexible o Concept of the self what is particularly ours o Functional autonomy although motives of an adult may have their roots in the tensionreducing motives of the child the adult grows out of early motives Adult life motives become independent of autonomous from earlier tensionreducing drives o Early development peripheral motives and seek tension reduction o Adult life shift towards self strivings o Valued contributes to personality and trait theory but lack of explanation for traits o Research concerns No clear trait situation link No support for claim of hereditary influence Over

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