Pitt PSY 0160 - George Kelly (3 pages)

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George Kelly



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George Kelly

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Lecture number:
16
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Pittsburgh
Course:
Psy 0160 - Psychology of Personality
Unformatted text preview:

Personality Psychology Lecture 16 Outline of Last Lecture Genetics and Personality Behavior genetics Heritability coefficient Selective breeding Molecular genetics Gene environment interactions Shared and nonshared environment Brain SES and serotonin Outline of Current Lecture George Kelly Invitational mood Constructive Alternativism Cognitive processes Personal constructs Constructs Current Lecture George Kelly Thinking processes paramount Uniquely human capacity to reflect o On oneself All have own individual truth about how we see things what we believe etc o On the world o On the future o How we drive meaning depends on how we construe interpret what our experiences are Individual attempts to develop ideas that enable us to predict future Psychology of Personal Constructs 1955 Called ahead of his time emphasis on complex cognitive processes new to think about thinking processes o Cognitive revolution happens in 60s and 70s his work happens before this o Used new and highly scientific language created own language to explain his ideas didn t work that well though because alienated himself from mainstream psychology big reason he didn t succeed These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Humans are active thinking not passive o Cognitive Ability to THINK makes us free and determined o Free to develop our own meanings of events each person interprets event differently due to freedom o Cant think outside of our own constructs ideas though determined by these meanings we create for ourselves Invitational mood individual themselves is free to invite as many alternative interpretations as we choose to o Invite ourselves to generate as many meanings as we want when were trying to build our constructs People reveal aspects of their own personality in the constructs they use to describe others shows how you interpret world and other people Constructive Alternativism Alternative scientific constructs each may provide useful view of world meanings ideas we come up with from invitational mood are scientific constructs ideas Not pursuit of one right theory instead construe events and interpret and make sense of o Construe understanding in particular way o Highly individualized not one right way to do this Cognitive Processes Are mental procedures used to o Categorize people and things o Attribute meaning to events o Predict events Some are intrinsic other we form and then they become automatic Once we adopt a process they become automatic Can modify processes can think about what were doing and how etc Analyze how people think Personal Constructs ideas or categories used by people to interpret their world Belong to individuals Important to development of who we are Constructs Comprise ones knowledge of world Used in acquiring new knowledge Some are universal o Ex everyone knows what a tree is Some highly idiosyncratic flexible o Ex what makes a great pizza lots of variation Constructs we have in place can be modified or can create new ones Used automatically Events anticipated by observing patterns regularities o See regularities thus in people events objects o Allows us to anticipate whats going to happen next People notice some events share distinguishing characteristics o Ex someone not responding the same way they usually do to something Construing of a similarity and a contrast formation of a construct o Become aware of similarity and contrast of an event


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