UW-Madison POLISCI 106 - China I (4 pages)

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China I

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China I


This lecture talks about the differences between authoritarian, totalitarian, and sultanistic regimes. It also lays out the type of political system that China has.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Polisci 106 - Introduction to Comparative Politics
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POLI SCI 106 1st Edition Lecture 19 Outline of Last Lecture 1 Theories of Democratic Consolidation 2 Actor Based Theories 3 Shock Therapy Model 4 Institutional Theories 5 Example Central and Eastern Europe 6 Structural Theories 7 Transition in Central Eastern Europe 8 Road to Membership I 9 Accession Criteria I 10 Accession Criteria II 11 Accession Criteria to Conditionality 12 Road to Membership II Outline of Current Lecture 1 Three Types of Non Democratic Regimes 2 Totalitarian Regimes 3 Sultanistic Regimes 4 Authoritarian Regimes 5 Maoism 6 Despite End of Maoism 7 Party State 1 Guardianship 8 Party State II The Mass Line Current Lecture China I Three Types of Non Democratic Regimes Linz Juan Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes all non democratic other than that very different totalitarian sultanistic authoritarian Totalitarian Regimes power monopoly power concentrated in hands of individual or small group ruler s not accountable These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute ruler s cannot be dislodged from power by institutionalized peaceful means strong ideology basis of legitimacy provides meaning historical purpose interpretation of social reality goal remake society mankind mass mobilization active mobilization for citizen participation passive obedience and apathy undesirable vehicle of mobilization single mass party and closely affiliated organizations other characteristics political violence widespread and systematic ex USSR esp under Stalian ideology Marxism Leninism power monopoly power concentrated in hands of one or very few members of CP mobilization CP key to mass mobilization society supposed to actively participate in building communism Sultanistic Regimes tyrannical arbitrary rule by individual and close followers power monopoly see totalitarianism no ideology little effort of legitimation mobilization no organized participation other characteristics pursues private not collective goals ex personal wealth of ruler often arbitrary use of power and violence ex Dominican Republic under Trujillo 1930 61 ideology none power monopoly power concentrated in Trujillo s hands key posts filled by family members and associates country private domain of leader mobilization no mobilization isolation lack of education apathy passive submission necessary for regime stability Authoritarian Regimes leader or small group exercises power within ill defined but predictable limits lacks arbitrariness of sultanism no power monopoly but limited political pluralism power is not fully concentrated dispersed among some political economic and social groups with some degree of autonomy but pluralism is limited groups not fully unconstrained no elaborate guiding ideology if any symbolic no extensive or intensive mobilization no systematic inclusion of the masses note significant variation between them ex Spain under Franco 1939 75 ideology early days quasi Fascism later no clear ideology or effort to remake society limited pluralism ex Catholic church controls education system ex Cabinet members have some autonomy mobilization weak party govt uses party not vice versa apathy desirable Maoism builds on Marxism Leninism but with significant amendments backbone of revolution peasants not urban workers blank slates to be instilled with revolutionary consciousness communism realized not through elites and bureaucrats but peasants revolutionary enthusiasm and mass struggle mobilized into permanent revolutionary movement present ruling group from turning bourgeois class struggle lack of sophistication desirable workers and intellectuals receive class education through agricultural labor Maoism ideal critical to break in early PRC alliance with USSR lean to one side the Great Leap Forward into communism rapid acceleration of the revolution forced industrialization mobilization of the masses the Cultural Revolution targets impure bourgeois elements party elites bureaucrats intellectuals after Mao s death 1976 departure from Orthodox Maoism Despite End of Maoism the basic organizational design of China s political system remains authoritarian Communist party state core assumption citizens must be led guiding principles of Communist party state guardianship and hierarchy plus in case of China idea of the mass line principles have been modified but largely still in place Party State I Guardianship describes relationship between Communist Party and society Vanguard Party that leads the way toward Communist utopia basis of legitimacy acting in the historical best interests of the people and translating them into policy that will lead to communism the mass line today CCP still the vanguard party but mass line de emphasized basis of legitimacy delivering the goods Party State II The Mass Line the theory party leadership not isolated from the mass public party leaders should maintain close links in ordinary citizens to educate the masses help party leaders know needs of masses policy is supposed to flow from the masses to the masses but mass influence on policy depends on its fit with the goals of the party Party State III Hierarchy strict hierarchy between a levels of organization and b party members factionalism punishable party discipline expected and enforced goal ensure that party acts as unified force responsive to top leaders today party leads society in politics but has retreated from regular life in most areas Party State Overall ideology less prominent and less coherent than in past same minor reforms to govt and party reforms and political changes have not led to fundamental system change

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