UW-Madison POLISCI 106 - Mexico I (4 pages)

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Mexico I



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Mexico I

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This lecture talks about how Mexico's government is set up, the PRI party, and the 2000 election when the PRI was defeated by the PAN


Lecture number:
22
Pages:
4
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Course:
Polisci 106 - Introduction to Comparative Politics
Edition:
1
Unformatted text preview:

POLI SCI 106 1st Edition Lecture 22 Outline of Last Lecture 1 1949 2 East Europe Soviet Bloc CMEA 3 Future of China Outline of Current Lecture 1 2006 Election in Mexico 2 Incumbency Advantage 3 Clientelism 4 Interest Representation 5 Electoral Fraud 6 Why Elections Parties Legislatures 7 Beatriz Magaloni Voting for Autocracy 2006 8 Jennifer Gandhi Political Institutions Under Dictatorship 2008 9 Political Institutions Under Dictatorship 10 The Wind of Change Current Lecture Mexico I 2006 Election in Mexico Bush vs Gore 2000 No Calderon vs Lopez Obrador 2006 Felipe Calderon candidate of the Partido Accion National PAN neither members of PRI for 60 years PRI continuously in power power built on patronage and clientelism over past 20 years remarkable transformation then electoral manipulation condoned by leaders cynically accepted by public now govt respect of voters preferences expected and demanded single party held on to power for so long Incumbency Advantage PRI rule highly efficient and stable displays key features of democratic system but in practice much different from what s on paper impossible for opposition to gain office These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute best pre 1988 presidential election result for an outsider 16 PRI advantages access to govt funds for example presidential slush fund support of big business vast clientelistic networks new president every 6 years president was always a representative of the PRI Clientelism clientelistic networks critical component of PRI s rule clientelism system based on patron client relationships patron provides client with benefits material goods public services etc in exchange for support esp at election time most pervasive when no alternative providers of goods and services often clients poor lowly educated rural populations need resources removed from alternative providers but not always ex wealthy clients give money in exchange for favorable polices clientelism crucial link between PRI and core supporters local party bosses delivered benefits in return for support today some strong patron client relationships still in place in local and regional politics PRI continues to rely on its rural supporters but also PAN copies PRI tactics in some places overall clientelism much less important clients have become citizens Interest Representation structures of interest representation labor unions employer associations etc served not to ensure participation but to limit citizens demands mobilize regime support legitimate regime support patron client relationships interest groups provide mechanism for patronage benefits available only through the right patrons also compartmentalization into discrete non interacting segments not competition between social classes but within result groups with similar interests and demands compete with each other not challenge the regime demands can be dealt with on case by case localized fashion last resort targeted repression mostly unnecessary but available if need be Electoral Fraud variety of techniques stuffing ballot boxes disqualifying opposition party poll watchers relocating polling places manipulating voter representation lists organized shuttling of PRI supports to vote more than once buying off opposition voters also PRI controls electoral institutions result Soviet style precints 98 100 PRI support Why Elections Parties Legislatures PRI allowed and encouraged active participation of opposition parties why elections parties legislatures in non democratic regimes common explanation appearance of democratic legitimacy Beatriz Magaloni Voting for Autocracy 2006 highlights 4 roles of elections in autocracies 1 Provide regularized method for power sharing among elites power is shared without single individual grabbing it all limits internal discontent regular elections and term limits make power sharing credible and effective elites from different PRI factions have vested interest in regime survival system provides for orderly succession a key challenge to stability and survival of autocracies 2 Elections signal strength of regime discourage potential challengers avoid internal divisions image of invincibility based on popular support electoral fraud not enough to convince insiders of the regime s power 3 Elections provide information about regime supporters and opponents challenge for dictators what do people think of him one way to find out hold elections encourage opponents to participate also plays into system of clientelism who to reward who to punish gives clients a vested interest in survival of regime Elections are means to co opt the opposition co optation neutralizing or winning over the opposition by assimilating it into the system opponents invest in existing autocratic institutions instead of challenging regime by violent means elections also serve to divide the opposition Jennifer Gandhi Political Institutions Under Dictatorship 2008 makes a similar argument based on idea of co optation focus elections legislatures parties autocrats need to avoid rebellion basic level of cooperation limited targeted concessions and compromises Political Institutions Under Dictatorship nominally democratic institutions arenas for regime and opposition to make preferences and demands known forge agreements for opposition institutionalized channel to affect decision making for regime means to contain opposition demands respond without appearing weak The Wind of Change economic crises 1976 77 82 92 94 96 among catalysts for change see readings political change takes place under veil of governmental continuity Schedler 2000 transition characterized by striking absences of political collapse foundational elections big pacts constitutional assembly in run up to 2000 presidential election President Zedillo renounces debazo privilege that president pick his successor 1988 PRI probably lost election 200 presidential election PAN candidate Vicente Fox defeats PRI loss of govt control also means loss of patronage resources that kept PRI in power for 60 years


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