UT Arlington BIOL 3303 - Final Exam Study Guide (6 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Cover the main topics talked over the lecture, also the articles mentioned.


Pages:
6
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Biol 3303 - Drugs and Behavior
Edition:
1
Unformatted text preview:

BIOL 3303 1nd Edition Exam 4 Study Guide Lectures 16 21 Main Questions for All Drugs in Each Chapter 1 Questions about the history of each of the main kind of drugs 2 What is each drug 3 Are they a depressant hallugenic stimulating kind of drugs 4 What are the mechanism of action for each drug GABA Dopamine Acetylcholine etc 5 Acute and Chronic Toxicity 6 Therapeutic Questions 7 How are they used and what are the main concerns of each drug Lecture 16 Ch 7 Marijuana 1 Definition a One of the distinctive characteristics of Cannabis sativa is its resilience b Cannabis is Cannabis Sativa oldest cultivated plant not used for food c Marijuana is obtained from the stalk of cannabis plant but from its serrated leaves i The KEY psychoactive factor is in RESIN the amount depends on the climates conditions ii For EX Cool and humid climates has less resin and high fiber content In hot and dry the opposite occurs The potency of the marijuana depends on climate factors d Cannabinoid 2 History e Marijuana is the oldest cultivated plant not used for food f Hashish was a popular recreational drug in Paris during the nineteenth century g By 1890 cotton replaced hemp as a major cash crop in the southern United States h Bhang is a liquid made from cannabis THC potency is equal to the marijuana joint in the US Is i mainly used in India 19TH Century I 1840s Club des Hachichins France a group of artist who gather to read and do hashish Somewhere Victor Hugo Eugene Delacroix and others j 1920S marijuana smoking began to be a social thing some historians says that the appearance of marijuana a recreational use was because of the Prohibition Jazz musicians mainly used this type of drug in this period k By the end of 1920s became known as the killer weed WAS MAINLY a media campaign by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics they had concern about the youth of that generation and after l 3 Classification a Hemp is obtained from Cannabis stalks while marijuana is obtained from Cannabis leaves b There are many separate chemical compounds derived from resin known as cannabinoids c THC delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol is the key psychoactive compound and active ingredient for the effects of marijuana d We then categorize by Various cannabis products are distinguished in terms of the content of cannabis resin and the THC concentration e Sinsemilla is a more potent form of marijuana by 15 percent f Hashish is when resin itself is scraped from the leaves and then dried Concentration is up to 24 The most potent being hashish oil and oil crystals range from 15 60 THC concentration 4 Effects a Chronic lung exposure is caused by the lack of filtering the joint which causes to intake high levels of carbon monoxide and carcinogens in the respiratory system b Decreases the reproductive effects by decreasing the testosterone levels 5 Uses a Medically used for glaucoma THC decreases the intraocular pressure asthma oral administration causes bronchodilation and nausea during chemotherapy Lecture 17 18 Ch 8 Alcohol as a Social Beverage and Ch 9 Alcohol as a Drug 1 Fermentation glucose transferred to ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide 2 Brewing process of fermenting grains 3 Distillation process to increase alcohol content 4 Alcohol Pharmacology A Absorption occurs in the small intestine mainly carbonation increases rate by which the stomach empties its contents B Metabolism requires no digestion and is absorbed into the bloodstream Alcohol is broken down by alcohol dehydrogenase which is converted into acetaldehyde both A dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde combined produced acetic acid 6 Measuring Alcohol into the Blood a Blood alcohol concentration i 08 is the common to drive ii 04 legally fly an airplane iii Tolerance doesn t affect alcohol level iv Technically you are legally able to drive under 0 of alcohol in the blood 7 Effect on CNS a Depressant action at the GABA receptor complex b Effective Dose for surgical anesthesia is very close to the Lethal Dose meaning that is a very dangerous drug c Behavioral effects related to depression of higher cortical function followed by depression of brainstem areas 8 Acute Physiological Effects a Toxic LD50 ED50 ration is small about 10 is the margin of safety therefor not a very safe drug b Heat loss s caused by too much consumption of alcohol c Diuretic Effects suppression is caused then you have the problem with a decrease of blood d Cardiovascular Effects there are some benefits but at a moderate use e Hangover cause an upset stomach fatigue headache and vassal dilation 9 Acute Behavioral Effects a Blackouts there is an encoding problem than retrieval of alcohol b Impairment of driving skills c Aggression and Violence recent study 95 of campus sexual assaults were involved with the use of alcohol d Sex and Drive I in 7 youngsters admit to having unsafe sex after drinking alcohol e A survey has found that large amounts of alcohol consumption has effects Smaller amounts of consumption may be protective f Critical review of research on the effect of alcohol on cognitive functions and dementia in the elderly have shown some evidence 10 Chronic and Alcoholism a Alcoholism I Problems associated with a preoccupation with drinking a Bing drinking cause a loss of control b Symptomatic drinking Self Medication II Emotional Problems III Vocational Social and Family Problems IV Physical V Hiding the problem VI SMAST test for alcoholism 11 Biological a Tolerance and Withdrawal i Evidence of tolerance ii Physical dependence seen as alcohol withdrawal syndrome or a series of signs called delirium tremens DT s b Liver Disease I Fatty Liver fat deposits in liver J Alcohol Hepatitis Liver inflammation K Alcohol Cirrhosis Scarring c Wernicke Korsakoff Syndrome I 1ST Stage confusion disorientation abnormal eye movements and difficulties in body consumption J Severe Stage severe memory impairment K Involves thiamine deficiency L Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A Easily passes through the placental barrier B No determination of a safe level of drinking 12 Article Genetics A To what extent is alcoholism related to genetic nature v environmental nurture factors B Answer i Adoption Studies slightly increased incidence in adopted children of alcoholic biological parents ii Twin Studies concordance rate s 21 iii Therefore both nature and nurture contribute to alcoholism meaning that there is a genetic predisposition Lecture 19 20 Drug Treatment for Mood Disorder and Schizophrenia 1 Antipsychotic Medications is the main thing we


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