CU-Boulder HIST 1010 - The Emergence of Islam and the Muslim World (20 pages)

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The Emergence of Islam and the Muslim World



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The Emergence of Islam and the Muslim World

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
20
School:
University of Colorado at Boulder
Course:
Hist 1010 - Western Civilization 1: From Antiquity to the 16th Century

Unformatted text preview:

Western Kingdoms Byzantium and the Sassanid Empire ca 600 The Arabian Peninsula Early 7th Century A D The Kaaba in Mecca modern view of the Islamic holy site and pilgrimage destination Lecture 14 The Emergence of Islam and the Muslim World 1 The Context for the Rise of Islam A Social and Geographical Context of Arabia B Religious Pluralism in the Near East 2 The Prophet and the Faith A Muhammad and Early Islam B The Religion of Islam and its Doctrines 3 Islamic Expansion and the First Caliphates A The First Century of Expansion B Leadership and Succession After Muhammad C The Umayyad Caliphate 661 762 Life of Muhammad b 570 571 632 ca 595 marries wealthy widow Khadija 610 begins to have visions from the One God Allah which he recites to his followers 622 forced to leave Mecca with his companions travel to medina journey called the Hijra 622 begins the Islamic calendar year 624 Muhammad and followers push south fight the battle of Badr 630 Muhammad returns to Mecca and retakes the city and dedicates the Ka ba holy shrine to Islam 632 death of Muhammad but his followers now united as a community of believers an Ummah Qur an the word of God Allah revealed to Muhammad Recited first recorded in writing ca 660s Manuscript Leaf of the Koran Archaic Kufic script ca 8th 9th century Five Pillars of Islam slm Arabic to surrender to trust in the One God Allah root of Islam and Muslims 1 Shahadah profession of faith profess that there is one God Allah and Muhammad is his prophet 2 Salat Pray 5 times a day facing in the direction of Mecca 3 To make the yearly hajj a pilgrimage to Mecca if possible 4 The tax donation called the zakat Alms giving that is to give to the poor at least 1 40 of personal property 5 Ramadan fast during the day for a month the month in which the battle of Badr had occurred in 624 The Great Mosque at Qayrawan rebuilt in 862 open courtyard Interior of the Great Mosque at Cordoba begun 987 The Great Mosque at Damascus ca 714 15 Detail of the Great Mosque of



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