CU-Boulder HIST 1010 - Macrocosms and Microcosms (25 pages)

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Macrocosms and Microcosms



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Macrocosms and Microcosms

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
25
School:
University of Colorado at Boulder
Course:
Hist 1010 - Western Civilization 1: From Antiquity to the 16th Century

Unformatted text preview:

A 16th Century T O map showing America in the lower left corner World Map from Ortelius s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum as redrawn from Lopez de Velasco s original map of 1574 Father Ricci s map Ricci s redrawing of the Western world map placing China toward the center Lecture 29 Science and the Self Macrocosms and Microcosms De centering Europe Shifting Perspectives I Advent of the Scientific Method A Secularism B New Modes of Explanation Logical Method Experimentation Mathematics a language of abstraction II De centering the Earth New perspective on the universe A Copernicus s Heliocentric Model 1543 B Resistance of Tradition C Galileo s Challenge to the Heavens III De centering the Soul ordering the self on a mechanical model A Man as Mechanism Circulation and the Human Body B Making Scientists of Men seeing the world through glass Advent of the Scientific Method Changes in perspective grew out of changing context in the west 1 Opening up of new horizons through colonization and expansion 2 Frustrations with religious conflict and the growing role of doubt skepticism 3 Emphasis on new modes of acute observation inquisitors manuals confession ethnography and the natural world As a consequence a new world view began to emerge Secularism characterized by a search for non religious explanations for political authority and natural phenomena New Modes of Explanation and Analysis A Scientific Revolution scientia knowledge ways of knowing Logical Method moving from known principles to unknown conclusions deductive reasoning Experimentation based on observation perspective and measurement Mathematics a grammar and language of abstraction to explain the natural world and to encode natural rules and laws of behavior Leonardo da Vinci s sketch of hands careful observation of nature Leonardo da Vinci s sketches of a flying machine ideas of engineering Lecture 29 Science and the Self Macrocosms and Microcosms De centering Europe Shifting Perspectives I Advent of the Scientific



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