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FSU CLT 3370 - Exam 2 Review Sheet

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Exam 2 Review Sheet – Classic Mythology – Elizabeth Richey - FSUAuthors and TextsHomeric Hymn to AphroditeHomeric Hymn to HermesCallimachus,Hymn to ArtemisHomeric Hymn to ApolloHomeric Hymn toPythianApolloEuripides,BacchaeHomeric Hymn to DemeterLucian,Dialogues of the Dead(selections)MythsBirth of Aphrodite- two variant myths about her birth. 1) PLATO/ HESIOD: she is born from Ouranos' castration.. His penis lands on the sea foam and she rises- she I born form the gods genitals, thus she represents sex 2) HOMER: Aphrodite was a child of Zeus and Dione- and as their child she is an olympian not a titan.Aphrodite and Ares- Aphrodite is married to Hephaestus (who is ugly and his feet/legs are weird, he has a limp). Aphrodite has an affair with Ares (god of war). Hephaestus finds out and contract a magical golden fin net and puts it above their bed andtraps Aphrodite and Ares. Hephaestus gathers the gods to come and see and point and laugh, but the plan backfires and the gods find her so beautiful that they say its worth being trapped in the net with her.Aphrodite and&Anchises- Zeus decides to make her fall in love with a mortal Anchises (the last time a god ever fell in love with a mortal)- bc she always mocked and made fun of the other gods- Anchises is good looking, like a god. In this myth, Aphrodite disguises herself as a normal persoin, she tells Anchises a story that she is a princess participating in a festival, when Hermes captured her and dropped her off on the Mt with him, and that he is meant to be married to Aphrodite. Anchises desires her and suspects she is not human, but she swears she's not. So he tests her and they have sex, in the morning she wakes him and says "behold me"- in her large godlike form- he is scared and says "please don’t hurt me." Aphrodite tells him the story of Aoses love for a mortal and how bad that turned out. She tride to talk herself out of the idea o floving him, she promises she will not hurt him and that she will bare their son, Aeneas, but she wil give him to the nymphs to raise and then when he is grown he will be given back to Anchises.Hermes Steals Apollo’s Cattle- Hermes gets a job from Apollo- to be in charge of the herds. He steals the cattle of Apollo andsteals them from a sandy place- he is afraid the footprints will give them away- so he leads the cattle backwards and wears these sandals. He puts them in a stall for the night and cooks some food (he stole the cattle to eat he invents the kabob) BUT he doesn’t eat it- gods eat ambrosia NOT food and meat. Apollo figures out his cattle are gone and who took them because of a witness from the vineyard nearby. Apollo take Hermes who plays the baby card but is not amused. He takes the baby to be judged by Zeus @ Olympus. Zeus says they need to work it out and be friends. Apollo gets his cattle back but is still mad and wants to handcuff Hermes with cuffs made of branches. BUT Hermes throws down the branches and creates a basket over thecattle. Then Hermes plays the lyre, and apollo is no longer mad because of the music and gets th elyre from Hermes.Hermaphroditus- crossing of gender lines. Exceptionally beautiful young man, went to a spring and a nymph in the spring fallsin love with him. Nymph seizes young man, and he struggles to get away, she grabs him so closely that they meld together intoone person with both male and female sexual organs. Binary gender.Mercury and&Larunda- Roman myth. Laruns is a nypmh whom mercury has to escort to the underworld. On the way down he falls in love with her. They have sex and she gives birth to the Lares in the underworld.Artemis Gets Her Attributes- AsksZeus for gifts:1)virginity: to keep forever. Refer back to hymn to aphrodite- never have sex with men and will never marry. She will often be called artemis the maiden/virgin. Artemis associated with period of a woman's life before she gets married. Protector of her own virginity and other women.2) titles/epithets: all gods have different epithets representing the different spheres of influence and wants to have as many as her bro Apollo3)arrowsand bow: oh wait no never mind bc im gonna fo to the cyclopes and have them make my arrows. Goddess of the hunt. Mistress of Animals- goddess holding two wild animals and has wings. Protector of wild animals but also their hunter4) Bringer of Light- the moon. .. Other moon goddess Celine(binatural moon goddess and actually is the moon).5)nymphs-wants 9 year old nymphs and to be her attendants. Most closely associated with nymphs. She is also like a nymph. Daughters of Okeanos.6) mountains/wilderness: Doesn’t need to be a patron of any cities. She plans on staying in the wilderness andhaving fun7)childbirth: will occasionally go into cities to help women8)cities: Zeus says im going to give you some city.. A ton of cities.. And you'll be the patron god of all of them.TermsAphrodite- Plato: one naturee that is Ourania- a more universal love- a more sexual love. Born from castration of Ouranos- and represents sex considering she was born from his genitals and the sea foam.Hesiod: says she gets her name from aphros-sea foam- but that is false entimology. She is terrifying in Hesiod's view bc she can make force love between humans and mortals. She rules over anything that can have sex.Cytherea- Aphrodite was washed ashore on this island. She is also known as this name or Cyprian.Eros- Aphrodite is depicted on a shell in the sea with cupid (who is the Roman counter part of Eros). Aphrodite is depicted as holding a tiny Eros (winged) with Zeus in his thrown. And also in a similar way but Eros is older. Eros is duplicated- driving a chariot by 2 Eroes (cupid is similarly duplicated). In Greek life Eros is imagined as a young man, in Roman ar cupid is a baby.cestus/kestos- It is a garment that has the


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