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FSU CLT 3370 - Exam 2 Review Sheet

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Exam 2 Review Sheet1. AchillesParents are Thetis and Peleus. Greek hero of the Trojan War. Warrior in the Iliad. Thetis tried to make him immortal but was made vulnerable in the spot where she was holding him (heel). Partly brought up by Chiron, centaur. Killed in the Trojan War by Paris when he was shot with an arrow in his ankle (heel is his weak spot).2. AcrisiusDaughter is Danaee, mother to Perseus. Heard the prophet that said his grandchild will kill him so he places his daughter in a brazen chamber so no one would reach her. Unknowingly killed by Perseus when he enters the discus competition. 3. AeetesRuler of Colchis, which is the destination of the Argonauts. Daughter is Medea, who falls in love with Jason and helps him.4. AegeusIn a war with his borther, Pallas, and wants to rule Athens. Sleeps with Aethra and has son with her (Theseus). Wants it to be a secret so he leaves her a sword and sandals and says he’ll recognize his son by these items. 5. AegisthusSon of Thyretes and his daughter, Pelopia. Clytemnestra’s lover in the play, the Agamemnon.6. AeropeWife to Atreus, son of Pelops. Children are Agamemnon and Menelaus. Stolen by Atreus’s brother, Thyretes and has two sons with him that are eaten by their own father.7. AesonJason’s father. Married to Polymede. Non-divine parents. Part of Medea’s trick to kill Pelias. His blood is drained and is boiled in a pot to be rejuvenated. 8. AethraDaughter to Piltheus, who rules Troezen. Aegeus gets Piltheus drunk so he can sleep with Aethra. Together produce Theseus. Wants to keep it a secret so he leaves a sword and sandals for his son, says give it to him and it’ll make me recognize him.9. AgamemnonBrother is Menelaus. Marries Clytemnestra, who is Helen’s sister. Live together at Mycenae. Have many children, but most important daughter is Iphegenia. King of Mycenae. 10. AlcmenaMarried to Amphitryon and has a son, Iphicles. Zeus comes to her pretending to be her husband and produces the child, Hercules. The two children are seen as twins. Hera is very mean to her and makes her pregnancy and labor really hard.11. AmphitryonMarried to Alcmena. Wife sleeps with Zeus when he is disguised as Amphitryon to make Heracles. Husband comes back a day later from the war against Teleboans andthey have Iphicles. Two children are seen as twins. 12. AndromedaDaughter of Cepheus (dad) and Cassiepea, (mom) King and Queen of Libya. Mom commited hubris by saying she was prettier than the sea nymphs and Poseidon got mad and send a flood and sea monster to their town. Consulted the oracle of Zeus Ammon and it said to chain Androemda to a rock and sacrifice her to the monster to end turmoil. Is saved by Perseus, who saves her and kills the monster.13. ArgoShip built by Argus. Built with magic wood from Dodona that can speak prophecies. Ship is dedicated to Poseidon and receives help from Athena. Later becomes the Constellation Argo Narvis. Voyage starts in Iolcus. Jason is the chief. 14. AriadneDaughter of King Minos of Crete. Falls in love with Theseus when he comes to Crete to kill the minotaur, goes aboard a ship to leave and in a rush, Theseus leaves without her and is found by Dionysus and they fall in love and get married. When she dies, because she is mortal, he turns her into the Constellation Corona. 15. AthamasMarried to Nephele, but Nephele leaves. Later marries Ino, who hated Athamas’s previous children (Phrixus and Helle) and makes a plan to kill children. 16. AtreusOne of the twins of Pelops. Brother to Thyestes. Hears that Mycenae is to be ruled bythe son of Pelops. Competition for the throne with his brother. With the help of Pan, he wins throne. Children are Agamemnon and Menelaus. Married to Aerope. House of Atreus is cursed. 17. Augeus Ruled the city of Elis. Was part of Hercules’s fifth labor. If Hercules could clean his stables in one day, he promised to gie him 1/10 of his herd. When Hercules does this, he breaks his promise and is later killed by Hercules.**18. autochthonousMeans self-born out of the ground. Seen in the first king of what would be Athens. 19. BriseisPrincess, described in Book 1 of the Illiad. Agamemnon was raping Chryses’s daughter and Apollo made him give her up, and he demanded Briseis in return. Achilles and Agamemnon exchanged women and Achilles sulked off, doesn’t want to go to war.20. CassandraLover of Apollo. Gives her the gift of prophecy but is later rejected by her. He can’t take away the gift but he puts a curse on her that she will never be believed by anyone. Famous for the thought about Alexander being killed. Trojan, daughter of Priam.21. CecropsFirst King of Cecropia, later known as Athens. Had snake legs. When the competitionbetween Athena and Poseidon takes place, it is renamed because Athena won.22. Charu/CharunMost popular demon in the Etruscan afterlife. Is blue or grey in color. Gender is unknown because charu wears a dress but has facial hair. Carries the hammer. 23. ClytemnestraSister of Helen. Married to Agamemnon. Mortal. Parents are Leda and Tyndareus. Queen of Mycenae. 24. ColchisRuled by King Aeetes. Destination of the Argonauts. Location where the golden fleece was held. Had task here to yoke bronze footed, fire breathing bulls, to plow the field, sow dragon’s teeth, and kill soliders. 25. CreonFigure in Greek mythology, ruler of Thebes in the legend of Oedipus. Two children with his wife, Eurydice. 26. DanaeHas a child with Zeus named Perseus. Phophecy that her child will kill her dad, Acrisius, so he places Danae in a brazen chamber where no one will reach her.27. DeianiraMeleager’s sister. Wrestling competition for her hand in marriage. Hercules wrestleswith Achelous and breaks off one of his horns. Becomes the cornucopia. Stolen and tricked by centaur Nessus who tells her about a love potion to use if she ever feels like Hercules doesn’t love her. Suspicious about Iole. Puts blood on robe and sees that it burns Hercules and kills herself.28. DictysBrother of the current king of Seriphos, who is Polydectes. Person who finds Perseusin a chest on the ocean, washed up on the Island of Seriphos. Made King of Seriphos after brother is turned to stone from Medusa’s head.29. dikeMeans justice in the Greek language. Major unifying theme in the trilogy written by Aeschylus. Plays contain the Agamemnon, Libation Bearers, and Eumenidies. 30. ElectraDaughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and princess of Argos. Known for plotting revenge with


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