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FSU SPC 2608 - public speaking notes

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Public SpeakingAssignmentsMonday, February 8, yPublic SpeakingAssignments- Sept. 12• 30 second prose- Sept. 14• main points• handout is on canvas- Oct. 31• speech- Speech outline - plug your ideas into this format- Intro• what you’re talking about, why they should listen, why you’re qualified totalk about it- Attention getter- reveal topic- listener relevance- credibility- preview statement- Transition- Body• first main pt.- sub pt.1Monday, February 8, y• cite (3 bolded)- If you have an A, you need to have a B• 2nd point• 3rd point• transition- Conclusion• restate• main point summary• clincher- Bibliography- LECTURE 1 - 9/10/18- 60-80% of people have a degree of fear of public speaking- communication apprehension - the fear/anxiety associate with real or an-ticipated communication with others• Trait like - anxiety in all situations• State like - anxiety in certain situations- Dealing with comm. apprehension• systematic desensitization - gradually desensitizing someone to some-thing• cognitive restructuring - changing the way we think. Helps when our anx-iety is situationally associated• skills building - practicing and gaining skills- primary focus- hyper communication - failure to prepare cause of overconfidence2Monday, February 8, y- tactical breathing • inhale through the nose 4 count, hold for 4, exhale for 4 through mouth- Unconscious incompetencies - things were doing wrong that we are not aware of• goal is to turn that into conscious incompetencies -> conscious compe-tencies -> and finally into unconscious competencies. - LECTURE 2 - 9/17/18- Communication• the process of sending and receiving verbal and non verbal messages to create shared meaning• issa dynamic process- sender and receiver are continuously forming sending and receiving messages• Messages made of up of verbal and nonverbal messages- verbal - words we use- nonverbal - signals send through hands/face/eyes• 67-93% of communication is non-verbal- Communication contexts• interpersonal, interpersonal , impersonal, small group, CMC, public, inter-cultural, mass• its a spectrum• Intrapersonal- communication with one’s self• Interpersonal- communication between people with an identifiable relationship3Monday, February 8, y- family/friends• Impersonal- communication about general topics- strangers/elevator talk• small group- communication that occurs in groups of 3-10- to accomplish a goal/serve a need- could be most difficult context; multiple senders/receivers- forced• Computer-Mediated-Communicaiton - communication that occurs when using technology that facilitates com-munication and interactive sharing through networks, email, texting, etc. - new to us- lot of #Fakenews out there- Whats real? - gotta be careful• Public Communication- communicating to an audience of 10 or more- public speaking is a form of this• Intercultural Communication - Communication that occurs whenever two or more people from differ-ent cultures interact.• Mass4Monday, February 8, y- communication produced and transmitted via media to large audiences- twitter/nudes/articles - Content and Delivery• content - words we use• delivery - how we convey those words - Methods (styles) of Delivery• Impromptu- speaking with limited preparation- usually not given a lot of time to think- ideas don’t flow as well- we forget shit• Manuscript- speaking from a manuscript written out in its entirety- we can plan it out and write everything we need- might sound mechanical- no opportunity to adjust to feedback• Memorized- speaking a full manuscript from memory- like manuscript, but memorized- we can make eye contact, but is it real?• Extemporaneous- speaking form an outline after careful research and preparation- takes some time, practice, and research to get right5Monday, February 8, y- sounds spontaneous but is also organized and coherent- MLK Jr. “I Have a Dream” - best example- 4 Things to Consider…• Our Audience- Gotta make sure your speech is audience centered- Audience centered - taking into account the needs, attitudes, and val-ues of our audience• Our Content- informative speech- 3 sources• Our Structure- Macro Structure• Intro, Body, Conclusion• “A speech needs a head, a body, and feet, without all three elementsthe speech is incomplete” - Aristotle • Our Delivery- Delivery - the way we communicate out message orally and visually through our use of voice, face, and body. - conveyed through the non-verbal channel- effective delivery is LISTENER centered - Natural, enthusiastic, calm, direct - Principles o Nonverbal Communication• It is inevitable- you can’t avoid it, everything can be seen as a message6Monday, February 8, y• it is culturally and situationally bound- depends on the situation• nonverbal cues are believed- audience is going to believe the nonverbal cues over verbal cues• nonverbal cues are seldom isolation- we normally convey messages through several channels simultane-ously- LECTURE 3 9/24/18- Types of Nonverbal cues• Proxemics - the way in which space and distance communicate- close talker from seinfeld - using space to speak at a comfortable distance (12-18 inches)• Chronemics - the meanings we attach to time- arriving with enough time to set up and get grounded - informative speech is 4-5 minutes • Appearance - professional appearance and neat grooming convey credi-bility- consider audience and occasion - consider topic and purpose - serious topics require formal dress**- take into account physical and dental hygiene • Eye Contact - the most expressive source of nonverbal communication atour disposal- 90% is the goal, or just be comfortable with audience eye contact• Body Language - the body communicates in several ways…7Monday, February 8, y- facial expressions - tend to be natural and spontaneous- gestures - use them to your advantage, avoid involuntary gestures- posture - good posture = confidence = credibility- motivated movement - new car people on tv, specific intentional move-ment that emphasizes our points- let it be natural, not too stiff/still• Voice- paralanguage - all the elements of voice other than the words them-selves- vocal quality - what distinguishes your voice from others• rate - speed at which the speech is given• volume - level of loudness• pitch - level of highness/lowness of voice• pronunciation - how a word sounds and what parts are stressed• enunciation - the act

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