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UNC-Chapel Hill ENST 201 - Education on Fertility Rates

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a. When realized fertility is higher than expected fertility then family planning is neededb. big problem is price sensitivityi. so family planning has to be subsidized from the outsidec. other problem is that women are very stationaryi. very hard for females to leave their townsii. distribution and education should be provided1. Solution: train women to travel and deliver education and contraceptivesiii. A barrier is also men who typically don’t cooperateENST 201 1st Edition Lecture 13Outline of Last Lecture I. Population (continued)II. LiberiaOutline of Current Lecture I. Reducing Desired FertilityII. MuhammedYunusIII. Family PlanningCurrent LectureI. Reducing Desired Fertilitya. Education levels are criticalb. Developed societies, women have children later and have fewer kids due to higher levels of education and development of careersc. It’s hard to provide education to people who don’t have enough moneyi. Education is a long term benefit, so if parents can’t afford food to feed their kids, they won’t see the benefit of sending their kids to schoolii. Girls are the first to get cut from education, because in many cultures, boys are more important and worthy of educationd. Possible solution: get women access to educationi. Society must become wealthier as a whole so that education systems can existii. Women should be allowed to handle and control household money1. Women will most likely push for their daughters to have an education and lead a life they were never able to have themselvesiii. The view that women are property needs to change1. Even if women are abused in their family by their fathers/brothers/husbands, they stay with them because it’s better than living on the streeta. If women are given resources, the rate of domestic violence will decreaseII. MuhammedYunusa. Started a bank that loaned money to those who were refused by the larger banksThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.i. He challenged the traditional ways and was able to help many people start their own businesses and make a living to increase their standard oflivingb. Microcredit: Institutions couldn’t get enough money from donor institutionsi. Works like regular loans but no collateral, but there are high rates of repaymentii. Requires people to go in for loans in groups1. Group members are responsible for each other, so they work together to make sure each of them stays on top of business and succeeds2. This group structure is important because it changes the relationship of women and societya. Women are no longer dependent on men and they can communicate with people outside of the householdiii. However in some places this is failing because it is being corrupted by larger banksc. Why is microcredit used through women?i. Women take care of children and household so they will use the money more effectively and more beneficially for the familyii. Women will push their daughters to have a better life than they had for themselvesiii. Men are more likely to spend money for self indulgencesd. In is hard for people to criticize Yunnus, because he is not ideologicali. He had liberal goals but used conservative methods to get to his goalIII. Family Planninga. When realized fertility is higher than expected fertility then family planning is neededb. big problem is price sensitivityi. so family planning has to be subsidized from the outsidec. other problem is that women are very stationaryi. very hard for females to leave their townsii. distribution and education should be provided1. Solution: train women to travel and deliver education and contraceptives iii. A barrier is also men who typically don’t


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