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UNC-Chapel Hill ENST 201 - Population (Continued)

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ENST 201 1st Edition Lecture 12Outline of Last Lecture I. Labor Intensive Agriculture (continued)II. PopulationOutline of Current Lecture I. Population (continued)II. LiberiaCurrent LectureI. Populationa. China: kept classes from developing by sending urbanites out to farms to work,t his caused the Chinese population to crashi. Their one child policy caused a disproportionate amount of females to males1. Traditionally families value boys over girls, so with the one child policy many parents abort or abandon their daughters because they want a boya. Boys are more wanted because they can carry on the legacy of the family and it is easier for them to find jobs and support their families2. Since there are less girls, it became harder and harder for men to find wivesa. Women became pickier with men and would only considerthem if they owned property, care, had a job, etcb. This lead to a property price increase, but many families could not afford the luxury apartments and houses in the city so many buildings are emptyb. India: Also had more boys than girls, but for a different reasoni. In their cultural practices, only men could perform certain ceremonies for the familyc. America: has the best demographic structure, due to its willingness to accept immigrantsd. France: also has a similar demographic structure to US, but because France put into action many policies to entice people to start families theree. Sweden: copied France’s policyThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.f. Russia: copied France’s policies as well; however, they have more women than men therei. Due to high alcohol consumption by men1. They drink a lot and pass out in the streets and die from cold (onlyone of many examples)II. Liberiaa. Liberia’s birthrate is increasing even though death rate is falling…why?i. People still see children as an asset; whereas if they were more urbanizedhaving less children would be preferableii. Women used to want a lot of children due to high infant mortality; however, medical system is doing a better jobiii. Women want less children than they are having.1. Need family planning to aid them in having safe sex and not conceiving so many


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