ISU SOA 223 - Stress & Coping (3 pages)

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Stress & Coping

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Stress & Coping


Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Illinois State University
Soa 223 - Social Psychology
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SOA 223 1nd Edition Lecture 24 Outline of Last Lecture 1 Exam 4 Outline of Current Lecture 1 Stress 2 Coping Current Lecture Stress Stress a reaction to a stimulus that disturbs our physical or mental equilibrium Causes of Stress relationships family jobs health finances world events Money is top stressor Burnout reaction Prolonged job stress can cause emotional exhaustion cynicism Everyone experiences stress Women minorities unemployed less educated all show more stress Stress and Coping Process Appraisal process by which people make judgments about the demands of potentially stressful events and their ability to meet those demands Coping Any effort to reduce stress Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Condition in which a person experiences enduring physical and physiological symptoms after an extremely stressful event War Natural disasters Sexual assault Death of loved one Serious illness These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Nolen Hoeksema Morrow s Study 1991 studied trauma measured stress before and after earthquake Key finding more danger one endures more stress undergo afterward Impact of Disasters and stress on health Increases in calls to mental health crisis line police reports of domestic violence referrals to local alcohol clinic Measuring Stress Self report survey interview individual responds Physiological measures Measures stress hormones in hair or blood Major Life Events changes in some aspect of person s life can cause stress Death divorce imprisonment job loss vacations transferring schools leaving home graduating new career marriage pregnancy Coping with Stress Best way to reduce stress Best ways listening to music exercising reading spending time with family Problem focusing coping cognitive behavioral effort to alter stressful situation Emotion focused coping Cognitive behavioral efforts to reduce distress produced by stressful situation Proactive coping Up front efforts to ward off or modify the onset of a stressful event Happens prior to stressful event taking place Social support helpful of coping resources provided by friends and other people Religious connection religion provided deep source of social and emotional support for many people

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