UT Knoxville PSYC 360 - Racial Bias (3 pages)

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Racial Bias



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Psyc 360 1st Edition Lecture 23 Outline of Last Lecture II Stereotypes III Prejudice IV Discrimination Outline of Current Lecture V Racial Bias Current Lecture We know the stereotypes of different people in US Poor people are more likely to engage in crime African American men are more likely to engage in crime than the average young white man Stereotypes may not be true for everyone but we all recognize they exist Target of A Stereotype Young Black Man Stereotype Activation Activation An idea coming to mind when we say cat we automatically think dog same for bread we think butter Stereotypes are embedded into long term memory Young black men are violent is the stereotype so people automatically think violence gun 0 7 Reaction Time sec Black White 0 5 Armed Unarmed These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute In the same study from last lecture tell the people viewing the pictures they have to come up with the correct answer as to whether the person is holding a gun or not Then measure the people s reaction time upon giving the right answer It took people less time to determine the black man had a gun than it took to determine if the white man did The opposite occurred when people had to determine the people did not have guns It took them longer to realize a black did not have a gun compared to realizing a white man did not have a gun This means the stereotype of a young black man to be violent comes about automatically We can reject the stereotype leading to unbiased behavior This doesn t happen when people are under time pressure Rejecting the Stereotype requires controlled processes If we don t reject the stereotype we show Biased behavior Automatic processes Stereotype activation Reject stereotype Unbiased behavior OR Automatic processes Stereotype activation Biased Behavior These processes occur in a person s mind Colgate academic admissions Study Colgate University students in upstate New York Stereotype Rich Smart Liberal Students fill out applications Four students are just filler students App A is white but same application information higher GPA App B is black same info just higher SAT White guy was preferred because they said GPA is more important They then flipped the photos so that the black man had the higher GPA and the white man with higher SAT The white guy was still preferred and the students said SAT is more important In order to reject stereotype we need to want to reject the stereotype When will controlled processes be used When we have time When we want to think We know we might be biased most important Type of Bias Conscious Old Fashioned Racism Yes Private Unconscious Yes No Controllable Prevalence Affect Behavior yes Low Yes Yes Moderate when we can get away w it No High The average person can t correct for their biases Biases and racism still occur today Must take steps to overcome biases when we can t control for it


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