UT Knoxville PSYC 360 - Aggression (3 pages)

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Aggression



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Psyc 360 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture I Benefits and costs of Helping Outline of Current Lecture II Aggression Current Lecture Key Elements of Aggression Actual Behavior Intent to Harm Physical or Psychological Needn t be successful Motivations o Emotional end goal is just to hurt the person o Instrumental aggression is a means to an end Ex You are starving so you punch someone in the face to get their bread Cognition Behavior Violent thoughts Aggressive Kid doesn t email his mother back when he knows if he doesn t she will feel hurt This is an act of aggression Psychological harm Free will 0 100 Stepping into a boxing ring as a professional boxer 100 free will Drafted into the Army 0 Free will Heart beating breathing etc 0 Jumping up in the air 100 Humans are aggressive species The U S is a particularly aggressive nation All sorts of causes for aggression Is aggression innate These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Are we born to be aggressive Hobbes 1651 The Natural State o A world with no laws and institutions o Aggression is innate o Goal of institution to keep the savage beast inside us humans tamed Rouseau 1760 s o Aggression is learned o By living in a society we learn to be aggressive o Aggression is a product of society o Due to constraints imposed by society we become aggressive Freud o 2 instincts o Eros bringing life having sex o Thanatos death instinct o Battle of our mind Sources we can turn to decide if aggression is innate Babies Looking at societies that are less complex than ours can help decide if aggression is innate If Learned Aggression If innate Lo Hi Complexity Chimpanzees our closest relatives o Jane Goodall s study showed chimps are very docile creatures until she witnessed a war between two groups of chimps that last 4 years and only ended because one group totally annihilated the other group o If it is human nature then is it ours to o Aggressive in order to get resources needed o Alpha males are the only ones who can mate with the females To become alpha male it must fight off the rest of the males Aggression can be adaptive so we expect it to be heritable Aggressive genes can be passed onto the next generation People who are related to one another should be more similar when it comes to aggressive traits o Twin studies identical twins are more similar in terms of aggressiveness than fraternal twin Meaning some of us are predisposed to being aggressive It is innate that humans are aggressive Testosterone gives rise to aggression Increase in male puberty increase in testosterone It is innate that humans are aggressive


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