IUB PSY-P 101 - pysch terms test 1 (6 pages)

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pysch terms test 1



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pysch terms test 1

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Pages:
6
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Psy-P 101 - Introductory psychology
Introductory psychology Documents

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01 27 2013 hindsight bias the tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one would have foreseen it critical thinking thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions rather it examines assumptions discerns hidden values evaluates evidence and assesses conclusions theory an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behavior or events hypothesis a testable prediction often implied by a theory operational definition a statement of the procedures used to define research variables replication repeating the essence of a research study usually with different participants in different situations to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances case study an observation technique in which one person is studied depth in the hope of revealing universal principles naturalistic observation observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation survey a technique for ascertaining the self reported attitudes of behavior of a particular group usually by questioning a representative random sample of the group population all the cases in a group being studied from which samples may be drawn random sample a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion correlation a measure of the extent to which two factors vary together and thus of how well either factor predicts is the other correlation coefficient a statistical index of the relationship between two things scatterplot a graphed cluster of dots each of which represents the values of two variables experiment a research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors experimental group in an experiment the group that is exposed to the treatment control group the group that is not exposed to the treatment random assignment assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance thus



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