IUB PSY-P 101 - exam 4 (13 pages)

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exam 4



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exam 4

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Pages:
13
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Psy-P 101 - Introductory psychology

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03 25 2013 Section 4 Cognitive Processes higher more complicated mental processes Memory Chapter 8 Thinking and Language Ch 9 We now know a good deal about the behavioral and physiological aspects of memory This is a topic that has considerable applied interest Overview I A model of memory sensory short term and long term memory II Types of memories Figure 8 14 Page 313 Where did I ride my bike on Tuesday episodic What is a bicycle semantic How do I ride a bicycle skills III Retrieval and storage IV How do we forget V Brain mechanisms of memory Special topics Improving memory eye witness testimony A model of memory Shiffrin IU and Atkinson What is a scientific model What is a model airplane Something works like or as if it were the real thing but not necessarily in every respect By memory we mean that something is stored beyond the time that it is physically present Is memory useful for survival Three stages sensory short term long term I Sensory memory A brief and fading storage How much gets stored A lot Visual memory iconic auditory memory echoic Sperling experiment demonstrates how much how long iconic memory Sensory memory stores much much more than we can ever process remember or should try to remember The role of attention What s important to remember II Short term working memory Peterson and Peterson IU A Encoding B Storage 1 limited capacity magic number 7 2 demo 2 chunking how to overcome limited capacity demo 3 forgetting fading displacement C Importance of rehearsal 1 Maintenance rehearsal 2 Elaborative rehearsal involves long term memory early demo Working memory short term memory Two things How much can it hold how long can it hold it Sensory memory holds a lot for a very brief period of time Working memory about 5 to 9 items Key word is items What constitutes an item one letter one word one phrase one sentence CHUNKING How long without rehearsal that is without actively trying to remember it Peterson and Peterson experiment IU 03 25 2013 Sensory



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