IUB PSY-P 101 - pysch test review (5 pages)

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pysch test review



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pysch test review

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Pages:
5
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Psy-P 101 - Introductory psychology
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04 09 2013 Know the three stages of memory Sensory the immediate very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system only for an instant attention to important or novel information Working short term encode memory through rehearsal activated memory that holds a few items briefly 7 2 20 seconds Long term Relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system Knowledge skills and experiences Infinite capacity stays for duration of life The importance of attention in sensory memory How does material get stored in long term memory Spreading out over time and repeating yourself What is the difference between elaborative and maintenance rehearsal elaboration involves associating the material being learned with other material Figure 8 14 Two memory systems Automatic o Implicit memories o Cerebellum and basal ganlia o Space time frequency o Motor and cognitive skills o Classical conditioning Effortful o Explicit memories o Hippocampus and frontal lobes o Fact and knowledge o Personally experienced events The importance of retrieval and Tulving s experiment Magic number 7 2 How does chunking work to overcome this limitation Short term has a limited capacity of 7 pieces of information plus or minus two Chunking can help to increase the capacity of short term memory o Combines small bits of information into bigger familiar pieces Class demonstration on depth of processing Upper lower case words rhyming fit into a sentence The three measures of memory the three R s Recall retrieving previously learned information fill in blank Recognition identifying items previously learned mc Relearning learning material again What are the mechanisms that cause us to forget Anterograde amnesia make no new memories Retrograde amnesia cannot recall past Ineffective encoding failure after short term stage Retrieval failure Decay memory fades with time Proactive and retroactive interference Proactive o Prior learning disrupts your recall of new information New combination old combination intereferring Retroactive o New learning disrupts recall of old New lyrics to old song forgot original lyrics Brain mechanisms associated with explicit and implicit memories Implicit o Unconscious retention of information o Cerebellum and basal ganglia Explicit o Conscious intentional remembering o Hippocampus and frontal lobes Figure 8 14 and emotional memories Ramachandran video What was Clive Wearing s memory problem What part of the brain was affected he wrote down the issues he could not make new memories What is language Spoken written or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning What are the differences between Skinner s view of language and Chomsky s view Skinner language is acquired Chomsky all languages share some basic elements universal grammar o Humans are born with a built in predisposition to learn grammar rules How do children learn language according to Skinner according to Chomsky 04 09 2013 04 09 2013


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