VCU ARTH 103 - Exam 1 Study Guide (4 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Art and culture from early as the Paleolithic Period to Ancient Egypt


Pages:
4
Type:
Study Guide
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Arth 103 - Survey of Western Art
Edition:
2

Unformatted text preview:

ARTH 103 1nd Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 3 Lecture 1 August 26 Paleolithic Period aka Stone Age Important Pieces of Art its Importance PALEOTHITHIC ART Lion Human shows highly complex thinking and creative imagination to make a figure that is only seen in the imagination Woman from Willendorf naming artworks before the spoken language is important first known as Venus from Willendorf evoked a religious connotation although there may not be a religious connection Horses Rhinoceroses Aurochs contains a lot of artistic technique such as overlapping value and contour Hall of Bulls contains twisted and composite pose a 360 degree panorama Cave paintings were discovered in hard to reach places leading to the belief that cave paintings were for a privileged group to gain knowledge Caves also contained relief sculptures often times created by modeling shaping damp clay of the cave s floor Bird Headed Man one of the few human figures in cave paintings and one of the few that told a story NEOLTHIC ART Woman Man showed an evolution through a more labor intensive art Stonehenge most mysterious work of art due to the mystery of how it was constructed very complex art form due to the different layers of construction site of ceremonies liked to death and burial megalithic structures are often associated with death Lecture 2 September 2 Sumerian Art and Culture Cuneiform symbols that were pressed into clay tablets with a stylus to keep records Most famous piece of writing The Epic of Gilgamesh For those who could not write cylinder seals were made rolled over wet clay and left a signature impression Ziggurats huge stepped structures with a temple or shrine on top each god and goddess had their own ziggurat Votive figures were placed at the bottom of ziggurats by the common people for a standin Akkadian Art and Culture Most Akkadian culture was adopted from Sumerian culture Spoke a Semitic language Sargon I the Akkadian conquered most of Mesopotamia Important Artwork Head



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