VCU ARTH 103 - Gothic Art & Architecutre (2 pages)

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Gothic Art & Architecutre



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Gothic Art & Architecutre

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Gothic Art & Architecture in France & England


Lecture number:
11
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Arth 103 - Survey of Western Art
Edition:
2

Unformatted text preview:

ARTH 103 1nd Edition Lecture 11 Outline of Last Lecture XXX Romanesque Art Architecture Outline of Current Lecture XXXI Gothic Art Architecture Current Lecture XXXI Gothic Art Architecture Scholasticism medieval way of learning that involved theology literature etc basis of modern learning attempt to explain the natural world Giorgio Vasari Coined the term gothic meant to be an insult to those who sacked the Roman Empire and brought an end to the classical period Gothic Art is centralized in France Natural light becomes one of the most important elements to Gothic architecture Plan of St Denis France Taking stone and creating it into something delicate and light Pointed Arch More effective in channeling weight can build much taller Gothic architects perfected ribbed vaulting Chartres Cathedral of Notre Dame France Quintessential example of Gothic architecture Citizens were heavily taxed to complete the Cathedral Flying Buttresses exterior supports made of stone that extend off the building enhance the structure of the pointed arch o Allowed large openings in the wall which glass is fitted in to allows more natural light in Plan of Chartres Cathedral Smaller transept These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Clerestories in Gothic Churches are blown up to be huge filled with stained glass windows Number symbolism 3 4 7 repeated all over the church o 3 Holy Trinity o 4 Seasons winds elements cardinal directions o 7 Gifts of the Holy Spirit Connection with the natural world and theology Royal Portal Chartres Cathedral Where the elites would enter the Church Contains the image of Christ in Majesty Christ surrounded by a mandorla Less threatening compared to Romanesque Art Scenes from Genesis Chartres Cathedral Contains the story of the Good Samaritan used to portray God s compassion Stained glass windows were used in Churches because not everyone was literate o



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