VCU ARTH 103 - Final Exam Study Guide (7 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Study guide for final exam


Pages:
7
Type:
Study Guide
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Arth 103 - Survey of Western Art
Edition:
2

Unformatted text preview:

ARTH 103 1nd Edition Exam 4 Study Guide Lectures 10 12 Chapter Summaries Ch 15 Romanesque Art The children of aristocratic families joined religious orders to help forge links between monastic communities and the elite Crusades First Crusade directed by Pope Urban II and captured Jerusalem in 1099 Second Crusade directed by St Bernard and led by France and Germany accomplished nothing Third Crusade led by German French and English kings as a rebellion when the Muslim leader Saladin captured back Jerusalem Crusades helped stimulate trade with the Westerns and Muslims which led to an increase of urban societies Romanesque Art Romanesque means in the Roman manner coined to describe early medieval European church architecture Church of Sant Vincenc a great example of one of the First Romanesque o To strengthen the walls and vaults the masons added vertical bands of masonry strip buttresses o Transverse arch supporting arch which runs across the vault from side to side dividing the bays Pilgrimage Pilgrims would journey across Europe to reach holy destinations and they would encounter bad food poisoned water and dishonest innkeepers o The priest Aymery Picaud wrote a guidebook for pilgrims on their way to these holy sites o Guidebook provided info on local customs safety of food and drinking water and useful phrases in the common language used The Church decided that every altar require a relic this caused relics to multiply because of divvying up Saints bodies Theophilus is the pseudonym used by a monk who wrote a book during the first half of the 12th century on the practice of artistic craft The Cathedral of St Mary of the Assumption in Pisa Designed as a cruciform basilica by the builder Busketos Contained a campanile a free standing bell tower now known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa The Benedictine Church of San Clemente in Rome Spolia reused from ancient Roman buildings Baldachin a canopy suspended over a sacred space also called a ciborium symbolized the Holy



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