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Africa Problems deforestation environmental China exploitations global warming water Foreign Oil comes from Nigeria to US and China Africa Aid in Africa Chokepoints Suez Canal in Egypt Bab Emended between Yemen and Djibouti Cape of Good Hope located on South of Africa Bosporus in Turkey o ships come through here from Black Sea through Istanbul Strait Of Hormuz o more than half of all the oil in the world come through Iran and Oman Land Features Sahara Desert Desert Desert Northern 1 3 of Africa biggest in the world o Growing due to desertification o The Sahel Above Sahel Arab and Muslim Below Sahel more than 12k tribal groups languages religions Islam Christianity Syncretic o takes western practices and merges them with tribal practices ex Voodoo Savannah Namib Desert lower east point of Africa Kalahari Desert lower east point of Africa Escarpment o sharp cliff this the west coast of Africa The Great Escarpment greatest drop off mountains Ruinzoees Uganda silver back gorillas live here Atlas Mountains o Northeast mountains in Morocco and Algeria Mount Kilimanjaro o highest mountain in Africa Lake Victoria o largest lake in Africa o Nile River flows out from here Zambeezee biggest waterfall Victoria Falls Africa Rivers Orange River South Africa Nile o Longest river in the world o Egypt Congo Transportation Fishing Niger Transportation 2nd oldest found in Ethiopia Then all the way up to India and Asia Great Rift Valley The oldest human fossils are found in the Oldivy Gorge African Volcano in Tanzania Deepest crack in the surface of Planet Earth Valley that turns into the Red Sea and finally the Dead Sea East Africa o Starts in Tanzania up to Egypt and right turn up towards turkey between Israel and Jordan The Horn of Africa Eastern tip sticking out in the Indian Ocean Strategic location o Every world power wants a location here for transportation Pirates of Somalia are located here Babel Mendeb EGYPT 10 miles wide you can see across it 96 is desert 90 mill live along the Nile 20 years old or younger Biggest Arab country in the world Cairo o Top of Nile s Delta o 25 of people live here o 3 Great Pyramids 79 pyramids in Egypt o Largest City in the Middle East Alexandria an island one of the World s oldest cities o Alexander the Great o Oil Refining and Seaport o Radical city Pharaoh s Lighthouse The Great Library storage of all learning Africa LIBYA Very high quality oil o European s are dependent on this 300 Tribes cause conflicts o Kaddafi unified Tribes and made the country wealthy by spreading oil wealth o Decided to sell oil to Chinese European countries where losing oil supply Business comes from European tourism FRENCH o Beaches attract millions of people Stateless State today Capital Tripoli TUNISIA Conservative Muslim Capital Tunis ALGERIA 44 million people o Also French Capital Algiers MOROCCO Very Conservative Strict Islamic Government caused coo in 1992 o Led to Civil War o More than a million people died Very poor lowest levels of education o Parliamentary Democracy o King leads the country o Arab Muslim Capital Rabat o Very modern new city Casablanca o Primate city o The White House Every single building is painted white SUDAN Arabs Black Africans MOST CONSERVATIVE Africa o Very strict traditions America and Israel VS Sudan o Allied with China sells oil to China Famous for Gum supplying Capital Khartoum Western Three Provinces o Darfur Region inside of Sudan Much like counties Two way civil war genocide killing each other o South Sudan Money given to South Sudan because they re Christian ETHIOPIA Very high elevation 45 million people Blue and White Nile rivers Longest continuously Independent country in the world Capital Addis Ababa o HQ of AU o Ethiopian Airlines 1 airline for Africa 1885 Conference of Berlin 16 countries divided up Africa into 54 different countries and Europeans selected their places 1898 Italy got beaten by the Ethiopians 1933 Mussolini fails at taking over Ethiopia Arab Ethnicity South Africa Strongest resource based economy Large population well education population Strong infrastructure Clean water electricity Most of the world s gold and diamonds Tremendous agriculture Tremendous military Sell guns weapons and have nuclear power 90 95 of the world s platinum Countries South Africa economic motor of Africa Africa Nigeria largest country by population of Africa Egypt over 5 000 years old 2nd largest population strategic location Libya oil conflict Kaddafi divided into three areas Tunisia Morocco Sudan oil 1st country to split in two South Sudan North Sudan Ethiopia longest with continuous independence in the world Cote d Ivoire chocolate Madagascar Cities Johannesburg largest city Cape Town oldest city Kimberley diamonds Pretoria capital city of South Africa Durban World s 9th largest sea port Indian immigrants Lagos Nigeria 2nd largest city Abuja capital of Nigeria Cairo pyramids Nile Alexandria pharaoh s lighthouse great library Khartoum Sudan capital Juba south Sudan capital Darfur genocide U S civil war rest of the world Addis Abada African Union Bab el Mendeb Abidjan Cote d Ivoire Yamassoukro Cote d Ivoire capital Casablanca

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FSU GEA 1000 - Africa

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