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UNT CJUS 4650 - The Rediscovery of Victims

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CJUS 4650 1st Edition Lecture 5Outline of Last Lecture I. Violence in HistoryII. Victim HistoryOutline of Current Lecture III. Rediscovery of VictimsII. Movements for the VictimIII. Victims and the MediaIV. The Stages of the Rediscovery of VictimsCurrent LectureRediscovery of Victims- Late 50s and early 60s social movements influenced the rediscovery of victims:o Law and order movement: conservative movement toward crime control, punisho Civil Rights Movemento Women’s Rights Movement- VWAP: Victim Witness Assistance Program- Law and Order Groups:o Reaction to rising crime rateso “Get tough on criminals” focused on victimso Lock up criminals quickly and for a longer timeo Fewer loopholes for attorneys- Women’s Movemento Became very active in anti-rape and anti-battering campaignso Efforts to break down patriarchal culture tradition to subjugate womeno 1972: First anti-rape effort with crisis centers in Berkley, CA and Washington D.C.o 1974: First “Safe House” for battered women established in St. Paul Minnesota- Civil Rights Movemento Focused their energy on opposing entrenched racist beliefs and discrimination practices that encouraged members of the white majority to intimidate, harass, and attack people of coloro Bias crimeso Unequal justice/penalties- Other social movementso Civil libertiesThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o Rights of childreno Senior citizens, elder abuseo Gay Rights Movemento Better training for law enforcemento Prisoner’s rights Movement- Politicians enacting legislation named after victims became very popularo Brady Bill: Requires an FBI background check when purchasing firearmso Amber Alert: Sends out descriptions when a child is kidnappedo Megan’s Law: People convicted of sex crimes must register as sex offenders- The news media played a major role in the rediscovery of victims o More attention given to victims rather than offenders in media coverageo Highly publicized cases gave victims a forum to be heardo 24 hour news cycle delivers reports of crimes and victims around the clock- Media’s rights to report crimes often conflicts with the victim’s rights for privacy- Solutions to this problem include: o “Shield laws” to protect from needless and unnecessary disclosure of names and addresses and previous victim involvemento Self-restraint of reports and editorso Adoption of “code of ethics” requiring reports to read a victim their “victim rights” prior to any interviews- Commercialization of products and services for victims o Businesses cash in on customers’ fear of becoming a victimo Automobile anti-theft devices (do they really work?)o Home security systemso Pepper sprayo Firearms- Victimologists play a major role- Process of rediscovery unfolds through a series of steps and stages:o Stage 1: Calling attention to an overlooked problemo Stage 2: Winnings victories, implementing reformso Stage 3: Emergence of the opposition and development of resistance to further changeso Stage 4: Research and temporary resolution of disputes - False memory syndromeo Therapist-inducedo Painting a picture of the situation and the victim just


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