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UNT CJUS 4650 - Studying Victimology

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CJUS 4650 1st Edition Lecture 3Outline of Last Lecture II. Three Types of BiasesIII. Victimology’s Bad ReputationIV. Origins of VictimologyV. Milestones of VictimologyOutline of Current Lecture I. Victimology vs. CriminologyII. Influences within VictimologyIII. The Importance of Studying VictimologyIV. What Victimologists DoCurrent LectureVictimology vs. Criminology- Victimology is best viewed as an area of specialization within criminology- Criminology embraces the scientific study of illegal activities, offenders, their victims, criminal law, the justice system, and societal reactions to the crime problems- Victimologists ask why some individuals, households, and entities are targeted while others are not- Criminologists ask why certain individuals become involved in law breaking while others do not- Criminologists apply their findings to devise crime prevention strategies- Victimologists use patterns and trends to develop victimization prevention strategies andrick-reduction tactics- Both criminologists and victimologists study how the criminal justice system actually works vs. how it is supposed to work- Boundarieso Boundaries are clear cut for criminologists Crimes and why they are committedo Boundaries for victimologists still unclear Many different types of victims Overlap due to lack of boundariesDivisions within the DisciplineThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Conservative Influenceo Focuses primarily on street crimeso Everyone to be held accountable for their decisions and actionso Emphasis on self-reliance, not governmento Individual responsibility for preventing, avoiding, resisting, and recovering from criminal actso Strictly punish offenders on behalf of their victims - Liberal Influenceo Scope of field to extend beyond street crimeso Endorse government interventiono Extend safety net mechanisms for all kinds of misfortuneso Look to wrongdoers repaying their victims to allow for reconciliation- Radical/Critical/Conflict Influenceo Victimization is a result of oppressive social systemo Looks toward societal factors such as poverty, unemployment, language barriers, etc as explanations behind crimeWhy Study Victimology?- Intellectual benefits- Expansion of horizons- Practical applications that ease suffering of others and provide a sense of purpose, worth, accomplishment, and satisfaction- To obtain a complete understanding and appreciation of reactions to victimizationWhat to Victimologists do?- Explore the interactions between victims and offenders, victims and the criminal justice system, and victims and society’- Study the ways in which crime victims are harmed, including physical injury, psychological trauma, and financial loss- 4 step process victimologists follow when carrying out their research: o Identify, define, and describe the problemo Measure the true dimensions f the problemo Investigate how victims are handledo Gather evidence to test hypothesesStreet Crimes- Murder- Robbery-


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