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UNT CJUS 4650 - Crime Statistics

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PSYC 4650 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. Rediscovery of VictimsII. Movements for the VictimIII. Victims and the MediaIV. The Stages of the Rediscovery of VictimsOutline of Current Lecture II. StatisticsIII. Uniform Crime ReportIV. National Incident Based Reporting SystemV. National Crime Victimization SurveyCurrent LectureChapter ThreeUse and Abuse of Statistics- Statisticso Meaningful numbers that reveal important info - Official statistics: Compiled and published by the government- Statistics:o Provide realistic assessment of a threat posed to individualso Reveal costs and losses by criminal activityo Project number of possible victims of a particular crimeo Evaluate effectiveness of recovery efforts and prevention strategieso Identify statistical portraits (profiles) of a typical victim- Interpretation of statisticso Can be used to influence decision makerso Can be used to reduce fearso Can be used to support police administrationo Can be used to show something that is not working- Be aware that statistics can be used to present one viewpoint or be presented with a spinThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Uniform Crime Report- FBI gathers data from local police departments and published an annual report of crime statistics called UCR- Established in 1927, published in 1930***- Part one Crimes- 8 crimeso Violent Crime Data (4): Murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assaulto Property Crime Data (4): Burglary, larceny/theft, motor vehicle theft, arson- Shortcomings of UCR:o Underreporting a major problemo Focus is offenders, not victimso Mixes attempted and completed crimeso Robbery includes all targets, does not single out households, banks, stores, etco Uses “hierarchy rule” which reports only the most serious crime in a sequence of several crime incidentsNational Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS)- Tracks 46 Group A offenses: Greater breakdown in data o I.e. simple assault, vandalism, blackmail, fraud, statutory rape, kidnappingo Gathers data relating to commission of crime, victim info, value of theft, raceo Phasing in law enforcement agencies- Criticisms:o Time consumingo Costlyo ComplexThe National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)- Another set of data collected by Bureau of Justice Statistics- Paints different picture than UCR- Uncovers the dark figure of crime- Crime rates determined by random public survey randomly selected by U.S. Census Bureau- First survey 1966: President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice- The NCVS reports crime in the form of rates per 1000- Crimes studied:o Forcible rape and sexual assaulto Thefto Robberyo Aggravated assault, simple assaulto Household burglarieso Motor vehicle thefts- Only survey those 12 years of age or older, does not include crimes against those under 12 years of age- Motor vehicle theft in NCVS and UCR is


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