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OU PSC 1113 - Group Participation and Political Scandal

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P SC 1113 1st Edition Lecture 7 A Nation of Joiners?Outline of Last LectureI. The Data on GenderII. The Data on ReligionIII. The Data on Sexual OrientationIV. Encouraging? Discouraging?V. Who are You?VI. The 1950s and 1960sVII. Participation Transformation Post-1970sVIII. A Result: Problem SolvingIX. Social CapitalOutline of Current LectureI. Social CapitalII. Participation Transformation Post 1970sIII. Interaction Now vs. Interaction BeforeIV. Apolitical changes in the 70s and 80sV. What Happened?VI. ConsequencesVII. Is Social Capital Disappearing?VIII. USA Today/ Gallup QuestionsIX. ScandalsX. Beyond Direct ContactCurrent LectureI. Social CapitalA. Connections between individualsB. Norms of reciprocity and trust that arise from connectionsC. 1916: “the individual is helpless socially, if left to himself”D. Benefits our personal interests (“private good”)1. Friendship that helps you get a job later in life, for exampleE. Benefits the world around us (“public good”)1. Groups that better the UniversityThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.II. Participation Transformation Post 1970sA. Individuals pulling away from involvement and leadership roles in organizationsB. Less formal willingness to interact with politicsC. Shifts away from interacting with peopleIII. The way we interact now is different from how we used to interactA. Do you know the people who live next door to you? Do you interact with them? Are you friends with them?B. How regularly do you talk with friends from high school? Is this communication entirely technologically-driven?C. How many of your past friendships have grown stronger thanks to technology (vs. growing weaker thanks to distance)?IV. Apolitical Changes in the 70s and 80sA. Social visiting (dinner at a friend’s, for example) declinesB. Family dinners less commonC. Fast food restaurants more common, sit down restaurants less commonD. Less card playing, more casino gamblingE. Decline in spending time with neighborsF. League bowling less commonG. Charitable giving decliningV. What Happened?A. Disillusionment (war, scandal)?B. Evolution (new ways of doings things)?C. Too much bonding (within groups), not enough bridging (across groups)?1. We have a constant flow of opportunities to bridge but we focus more on bondingVI. ConsequencesA. “Do you think people in general today lead as good lives (honest and moral) as they usedto?1. From 50% in 1952 to 27% in 1998B. Trust in others decline (especially among young people)1. Constant flow of negativity in the news which causes a negative view of the world around us2. This diminishes our opportunities for private goods and interactsVII. Is Social Capital Disappearing?A. Answer: Probably not as much as we thinkB. We’re just arriving at the sum in a different way (might need new measures)C. Example: explosion of single-issue interest groupsD. Example: Technological effectsE. That said: still implications on political worldF. Is there something fundamentally different about our generation that might affect these trends?G. Do you believe organizing on the internet can accomplish the same things that organizing in person can? Why or why not?H. Are online relationships as fulfilling or strong as in-person relationships?I. How much are politicians to blame for how social capital is changing?VIII. USA Today/Gallup QuestionsA. Would you say the government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves or that it is run for the benefit of all the people?B. Do you think that quite a few of the people running the government are crooked, not very many are, or do you think hardly any of them are crooked?IX. ScandalsA. Abscam1. Use convicted felons to catch corrupt politiciansB. Jack Abramoff cheated Indian tribesC. William Jefferson charged with corruptionD. These things happen but they’re the exception1. They affect our views of certain interest groupsX. Beyond Direct ContactA. Baumgartner and Leech1. Many think of lobbying as direct contact (2 people in a room)2. Another assumption: lobbying is about getting elected officials to vote a certain wayB. Reality: these instances do exist but lobbying more regularly involves many players, many momentsC. Berry’s Four Strategies1. Create and spread information which they share2. Constituency influence (let’s take our members and get them to do something)3. Confrontation (protest, boycott, direct and visible action)4. Law (file lawsuits, interact with courts, write laws and hand them to elected


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