UNT PSYC 4520 - The Behavioral, Social Learning Theory Contd. 5 (6 pages)

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The Behavioral, Social Learning Theory Contd. 5



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The Behavioral, Social Learning Theory Contd. 5

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An overview of self-efficacy, behavior observation methods, and the strengths and criticisms of the behavioral/social learning approach


Lecture number:
27
Pages:
6
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psyc 4520 - Personality
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet

Unformatted text preview:

PSYC 4520 1st Edition Lecture 27 Outline of Last Lecture I Observational Learning A What is observational learning B Learning and performance C The Bobo doll experiment Outline of Current Lecture I Application Self Efficacy Therapy A Self efficacy B Expectations C Sources of efficacy expectations D Guided mastery II Assessment Behavior Observation Methods A Behavior as a problem B Direct observation C Self monitoring D Observation by others III Strengths and Criticisms of the Behavioral Social Learning Approach A Strengths These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute B Criticisms Current Lecture I Application Self Efficacy Therapy A Self efficacy i Lots of people seek help to stop smoking or lose weight but only some of them end up permanently losing their habit most succeed temporarily The successful cases are different due to Bandura s idea of self efficacy people stop their bad habit when they convince themselves they can B Expectations i Bandura says people aren t likely to alter their behavior until they decide to expend the necessary effort He distinguishes between outcome expectations and efficacy expectations ii An outcome expectation is the extent to which people believe actions will lead to a certain outcome An efficacy expectation is the extent to which people believe they can perform the actions that will lead to the specific outcome For example you may hold the outcome expectation that if you study for hours rather than go out you will get good grades You may also hold the efficacy expectation that you are incapable of such devoted work and sacrifice iii Bandura says efficacy expectations are better predictors of behavior than outcome expectations Students are unlikely to work hard for good grades if they don t think it is possible C Sources of efficacy expectations i Bandura identified 4 sources of efficacy expectations enactive mastery



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