UNT PSYC 4520 - Final Exam Study Guide (22 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


An overview of the behavioral/social learning and cognitive approaches

Study Guide
University of North Texas
Psyc 4520 - Personality
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PSYC 4520 1st Edition Exam 4 Study Guide Lectures 22 29 Lecture 22 November 3 Introduction What is the basic belief of behavioral psychologists They believe that a person can modify behavior by applying basic principles of learning Compare the views of behavioral theorists and social learning theorists Early behaviorists limited their descriptions to observable behaviors Social learning theorists expanded the approach to include both observable and unobservable concepts e g thoughts values expectancies individual perceptions Social learning psychologists also noted that people can learn simply by watching someone else or hearing about someone else s behavior What is the appeal of the behavioral social learning theory It is simple and rational and allows a lot of space of behavior change Behaviorism What are the origins of behaviorism In 1913 psychologist John Watson argued that if psychology were to be a science psychologists must not examine mental states this was not a legitimate scientific study Rather they should study overt behavior which can be predicted observed and controlled Behaviorism is the 2 nd force in American psychology psychoanalysis is 1st and humanism is 3rd What was B F Skinner s idea about behaviorism He coined radical behaviorism He did not deny the existence of thoughts and inner experience but challenged the extent to which we can observe the inner causes of our behavior He said that we simply label our behavior rather than find a cause for it for example if we are nervous about a party and decide not to go we cite our anxiety as the reason However Skinner said that behavior does not change because you feel anxious the decision to skip the party and the anxiety are both conditioned reactions to the situation Basic Principles of Conditioning What are the ideas of traditional behaviorists They explain the causes of behavior in terms of learning experiences conditioning They do not deny the influence of genetics but downplay its importance

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