Berkeley LINGUIS 110 - Transcribing English (9 pages)

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Transcribing English



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Transcribing English

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Pages:
9
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
Linguis 110 - Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology

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Transcribing English 1 Start with Ladefoged s minimal sets for English consonants These are lists of words that illustrate the main consonant contrasts used in English Note how these lists are constructed because you will need to try to come up with such lists for your project language though in many languages it is very hard to make such large lists p t k b d g m n f v s z l w r j h pie tie kye by dye guy my nigh pea tea key bee D fie vie thigh thy sigh fee V shy lie why rye high t chi me d ji ve me knee thee sea Z she vision lee we ram ran rang listen mizzen mission ye he chea p G 2 This table lists the phonetic symbols that we will use to transcribe English consonants The phonetic contrasts of English like other languages are systematic and phonetic description of language delves into this systematicity 1 3 We focus on the activities of the mouth how the articulators move as a basis of the systematicity of the English phonetic system And this focus on speech pronunciation or articulation results in an analysis that can be presented as a consonant chart of English The columns of the chart indicate the place of articulation of the sound the rows indicate the manner of articulation of the sound and where symbols appear in pairs within a cell of the table the symbol on the left is analyzed as voiceless while the symbol on the right is analyzed as voiced 4 Names for the passive and active articulators in the sagittal section of the vocal tract are shown in Ladefoged s figures 1 5 and 1 6 These relate to the Place of Articulation columns in the consonant chart 2 3 5 Relating the consonant chart to the sagittal section of the vocal tract a Passive articulator does not move generally the upper lip is an exception and is generally on the upper surface of the vocal tract upper lip upper incisors alveolar ridge hard palate soft palate velum uvula and back pharyngeal wall b Active articulator does move and is generally on the lower surface of the vocal tract lower lip tongue



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