UT Knoxville BIOL 140 - Exam 1 Study Guide (8 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
8
School:
University of Tennessee
Course:
Biol 140 - Organization/Function of Cell
Organization/Function of Cell Documents

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Biology 140 Rowe Exam 1 Chapters 1 6 Chapter 1 1 What are five fundamental characteristics that all living things share a Energy all organisms acquire and use energy b Cells all organisms are made up of membrane bound cells c Information all organisms process hereditary information encoded in genes as well as information from the environment d Replication all organisms are capable of reproduction e Evolution populations of organisms are continuously evolving 2 What is the Cell Theory How was it proved a The cell theory states all organisms are made of cells pattern and all cells come form preexisting cells process b Proved with Louis Pasteur s experiment with the broth 3 What is the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection a All species are related by common ancestry pattern b Characteristics of species can be modified from generation to generation descent with modification 4 Is a hypothesis and a prediction the same If not what s the difference a Hypothesis is a proposed explanation while a prediction is something that can be measured and must be correct if hypothesis is valid 5 What is a population Do populations undergo natural selection or evolution What about individuals a A group of individuals of the same species living in the same area at the same time constitute a population b Populations undergo evolutionary change c Individuals undergo natural selection 6 What conditions must be met in a population for natural selection to occur a Traits beneficial to the current environment are selected within a natural population 7 Is artificial selection the same as natural selection If not how is it different a In artificial selection humans choose who will produce the most offspring 8 On a phylogenetic tree how do you know when a new species exists What is a phylogenetic tree a It is a different branch on the tree b Phylogenetic tree represents relationships between species The further apart the more closely related and vice versa 9 Organisms are categorized by their



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