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FSU CGS 2100 - Chapter 1 – Using Technology to Change the World

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Chapter 1 – Using Technology to Change the WorldObjectives1. How can becoming proficient with technology help you understand and participate in important issuesin the world at large?2. How can knowledge of technology help you influence the directions our society takes?3. What does it mean to be computer literate?4. How does being computer literate make you a savvy computer user and consumer?5. How can becoming computer literate help you in a career?Vocabulary1Egypt Riots 2010Social networking gathered groups together to voice their complaints about government (specifically the killing of Khaled Said). The Gov. shut down the Internet, causing violent riots2Crisis-Mapping Tool (Ushahidi)-collects information from emails, texts, blogs, and tweets and maps them, instantly making them publicly available-developed in Kenya by Erik Hersman and Juliana Rotich, after acts of violence as a result of political elections 3Digital DivideDiscrepancy between those who have easy access and knowledge about computer and those who do not4Next Einstein Initiative (NEI)4-a plan to strengthen the mind of those with strong math skills in Africa-this is done through creating African Institute for Mathematical Science (AIMS) facilities-15 are being built with help from Google's Project 10^1005cognitive surplus-the combination of leisure time and tools to be creative-web 2.0 shifted the internet from being only consumption, to individuals having the ability to create and collaborate6autonomyThe freedom to work without constant direction or control7masteryFeeling of confidence and excitement from seeing your skills progress8purposeThe understanding that you are working for something larger than yourself9Eric Whitacre's Virtual ChoirCGS2100 Exam 1 Study Guide P.1-virtual choir posting on youtube-assembly of 50 recorded voice10Crowdfunding-generating capital to start a business by asking for small donations from large numbers of people, usually via the internet-kickstarter.com11Collaborative Consumption-joining together as a group to use a specific product more efficiently-access instead of ownership-Zip-Cars, video game swaps12Active Computing-computing that relates to emotion that deliberately tries to influence emotion-computer that are human like or react to human emotion13Augmented Realitya combination of our normal sense of the objects around us with an overlay of information displayed14Date Miningthe process by which great amount of data are analyzed and investigated. The objective is to spot significant patterns or trends within the data that would otherwise not be obvious15Information Technology (IT)The set of techniques used in processing and retrieving information16QR (quick response code)technology that lets any piece of print in the real world host a live link to online information and video content17Softwarethe set of computer programs or instructions that tells the computer what to do and that enables it to perform different tasks18Web 2.0tools and web-based service that emphasize online collaboration and sharing among users19Computer Literacy-understanding the capabilities and limitations of computers and knowing how to use them wisely-knowing how your computer is constructed and how it functions helps you get the most out of it-avoid hacking and viruses-better at maintaining, upgrading, and troubleshootingEnd of Chapter SummaryTechnology on the World StageCGS2100 Exam 1 Study Guide P.21. How can becoming proficient with technology help you understand and participate in important issues in theworld at large?- Whether it's political issues, environmental issues, or questions addressing the global digital divide, it's important that you become proficient with technology to be able to participate.- Technology can be the means by which you find your voice in the world and impact others in meaningful ways.Technology and Our Society2. How can knowledge of technology help you influence the direction our society takes?- Technology is changing how we think, how we connect with each other, and how we purchase and consume products and services.- By using current technology, you can become a creator of new pieces of music, connect with people from around the world, and collaborate to create or consume.Technology at Home3. What does it mean to be computer literate?- Computer literacy goes beyond knowing how to use a mouse and send e-mail. If you're computer literate, you understand the capabilities and limitations of computers and know how to use them wisely.- Being computer literate also enables you to make informed purchasing decisions, use computers in your career, and understand the many ethical, legal, and societal implications of technology today. Anyone can become computer literate.4. How does being computer literate make you a savvy computer user and consumer?- By understanding how a computer is constructed and how its various parts function, you'll be able to get the most out of your computer.- Among other things, you'll be able to avoid hackers, viruses, and Internet headaches; protect your privacy; and separate the real risks of privacy and security from those you don't have to worry about.- You'll also be better able to maintain, upgrade, and troubleshoot your computer; make good purchasing decisions; and incorporate the latest technologies into your existing equipment.Technology and Your Career5. How can becoming computer literate help you in a career?- As computers increasingly become part of our daily lives, it is difficult to imagine any career that doesnot use computers in some fashion.- Understanding how to use computers effectively will help you be a more productive and valuable employee, no matter which profession you choose.Chapter 2 – Looking at Computers: Understanding the PartsObjectives1. What exactly is a computer, and what are its four main functions?2. What is the difference between data and information?3. What are bits and bytes, and how are they measured?4. What devices can I use to get data into the computer?5. What devices can I use to get information out of the computer?CGS2100 Exam 1 Study Guide P.36. What's on the motherboard?7. Where are information and programs stored?8. How are devices connected to the computer?9. What’s the best way to turn my computer on and off, and when should it be done?10. How do I set up my computer to avoid strain and injury?Vocabulary1all-in-one computerA desktop system unit that houses the computer’s processor, memory, and monitor


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