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FSU CGS 2060 - Test #1 Study Guide

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CGS2060 Test #1 Study GuideQuestions from Quizzes 2-6 ** answers in italics and parenthesis. Chapter 2: The Internet and the World Wide Web1. Internet enabled mobile device such as smart phones use a special type of browser called a (micro browser).2. (Spam) is an unsolicited email message or newsgroup article sent to many recipients or newsgroups at once. 3. (FTP: file transfer protocol) is an internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading with other computers on the Internet.4. An (E-mail) program used to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e-mailmessages.5. (The W3C) sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet.6. A cable (modem) allows access to high-speed internet services through cable television network.7. Fixed wireless Internet connections (use radio signals, are high-speed, and use an antenna to communicate with a tower)8. The components of a domain name are separated by (periods)9. (Streaming) is the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow, which allows users to access and use a file while it is transitioning.10. The (Internet) is a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.11. (Dial-up access) takes place when the modem in a computer uses a standard telephone line to connect to the Internet.12. Each electronic document on the Web is called a Web (page), which can contain text, graphics, audio (sound), and video. Chapter 3: Application Software1. Which of the following is an example of computer-aided design software?(Autodesk AutoCAD)2. Most spreadsheet software include (what-if) analysis tools, where users can ask questions, and change certain values in a spreadsheet to reveal the effects of those changes. 3. A (dialog box) is a window that provides information, presents available options or requests a response.4. (Application) software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks.5. (Spreadsheet) software is software that allows users to organize data in rows and columns, and perform calculations on the data. 6. Multimedia (authoring) software allows users to combine text, graphics, audio, video, and animation into an interactive application.7. A (cell) is the intersection of a column and a row in a worksheet.8. A (database) is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data.9. A (query) is a request for specific data from a database.10. (Distance Learning [DL]) is the delivery of education at one location while the learning takes place at other locations.11. (Presentation) software allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group. 12. A software (suite) is a collection of individual programs sold as a single package. Chapter 4: The Components of the System Unit1. Bluetooth technology is(an alternative IrDA that uses radio waves to transmit data between two devices)2. A (multi-core) processor is a chip with two or more separate processor cores. 3. The wider the bus the (the fewer number of transfer steps required and) the transfer of data.4. ROM chips called (firmware) contain permanently written data, instructions or information that is recorded when the chip is manufactured.5. In the machine cycle steps, (executing) is the process of carrying out commands. 6. The (system or motherboard) board is the main circuit board of the system unit.7. A USB (hub) is a device that plugs in a USB port on a system unit and contains multiple USB ports in which users plug cables from USB devices8. An (ExpressCard) module is a removable flash memory device about one-half the size ofa PC card that adds memory, communications and multimedia capabilities to computers.9. (Word) size is the number of bits the processor can interpret and execute at a given time.10. A processor contains small high-speed storage locations called, (registers) that temporarily hold data and instructions. 11. Preventive maintenance of your computer requires a few basic products including, (anti-static wrist bands, lint-free wipes, and screen cleaning solutions).12. On gigahertz (GHz) equals one (billion) ticks of the system clock per second. Chapter 5: Input1. (Input) is any data and instructions entered into the memory of a computer. 2. The (ADA) requires any company with 15 or more employees to make reasonable attempts to accommodate the needs of physically challenged workers.3. The (cursor) is a symbol on the screen, usually a blinking vertical bar that indicates where the next character typed will display. 4. A (flatbed) scanner works in a manner similar to a copy machine except it creates a file of the document in memory instead of a paper copy. 5. (MICR: magnetic ink character recognition) is used almost exclusively by the banking industry for check processing. 6. During a (video) telephone call, both parties see each other as they communicate over the internet. 7. (OMR: optical mark recognition) is a technology that reads hand-drawn marks such as small circles or rectangles.8. The goal of (ergonomics) is to incorporate comfort, efficiency and safety in the design of items in the workplace. 9. A retinal (scanner) works similar to an iris recognition system, but instead scans patterns of blood vessels in the back of the retina. 10. An artist can create drawings and sketches by using a pen or cursor on a (graphics) tablet, which is a flat, rectangular, electronic plastic board. 11. (Resolution) is the number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display device. 12. An (biometric) identifier is a psychological or behavioral characteristics such as fingerprints, hand geometry, facial features, voice, signatures, and eye patterns. Chapter 6: Output1. An alternative for blind users is a (Braille) printer, which outputs information in Braille on paper.2. A (monitor) is a display device that is packaged as a separate peripheral.3. (earbuds or earphones) are audio output devices that rest inside the ear canal. 4. Professionals in the desktop publishing and graphic art fields commonly use (Postscript) because it is designed for complex documents with intense graphics and colors.5. The disadvantage of a multifunction peripheral is that (if the device breaks down you useall four functions)6. The (XGA) video standard has a typical resolution of 1064x768.7. The (Magnifier) enlarges texts &


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