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TAMU ARTS 150 - Monuments and Paintings of the Renaissance

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Arts150 1st Edition Lecture 8Outline of Current Lecture I. Monuments of FlorenceII. Paintings of the RenaissanceCurrent Lecture- Santa Maria del Flore, Florence Cathedral or “Duomo”o Bruchelleschi Dome 1420-1436  Lantern at peak of dome was completed later  Dome references ancient Rome’s classical Temples such as the Pantheonon Construction of the Dome very difficult- To reduce weight constructed 8 large ribs where 16 lighter ribs interconnected the large ribs- Lantern stabilizes the structure w its weight- in oculus position- The base of the dome is called the drumo Tower made by Gioto- Brunelleschi “The Founding Hospital- Hospital of the Innocent” 1419-1444o Guild of the silk weavers of Florence financedo Large public orphanage- not hospitalo Composed of a series of round arches and columns Inspired by Flavian amphitheater- ancient Rome Emphasis on symmetry and horizontal characteristics Rational large structure The columns were modeled in Corinthian style The arches were inspired by the Arch of Constantine- one of the earliest Christian monuments Classical style combined with the emergence of Christian art Central characteristics: symmetry, harmony, and proportion emphasized by a circle and square in between arch doorwayo Brunelleschi was awarded many projects after the Dome’s success- this was one of them- Andrea dellaRobbia- Decorated exterior of the “Founding Hospital” 1435-1525 “Medallions of Infants” glazed terra cotta in blueo Symbolism of medallions based on the orphanage’s founding- Painting of the RenaissanceThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o Donatello “Equestrain Statue of Erasmo di Narni” nickname Gattamelata Piazza del Santo, Padua 1443-1453 bronze 12’- Donatello made the first free standing nude in Florence- Donatello was then commissioned by other towns- Idea of Modern Mercenary Captain fighting for Italian city state- 1st arrival of monuments of antiquities- Placement of left hove forward represents the ancient glory of humantime over Eartho Major Italian Painters of the 1400s Masaccio 1401-1428 Perugino 1445-1523 Andre del Castagno 1417-1450 Paolo Uccello 1397-1475 Fra Angelico 1395-1450 SandoBotticello 1445-1510 Pierodella Francesca 1415-1492 Andrea Mantegna 1431-1506o Masaccio- earliest most accomplished Renaissance artist “The expulsion of Adam and Eve” and “The Tribute Money” in the Brancacci Family Church- Gentile de Fabriano composed “Adoration of the Magi” 1423 tempera on wood in Strozzi’s family church the St. Trinta Churcho The painting influenced Masaccio to use a severe style in contrast to the elaborate, lavish, decorous style of Fabrianoo Proclaims sanctification of Florenceo Lower band of altaro Includes great detail of costume and ceremony - Masaccio said we should not make lavish the paintings but rather enforce the religious values- The composition is divided into 3 episodes: Christ surrounded by disciples; St. Pere struggles to extract coin from fish to pay tax collector- Eve has her mouth open crying out for the sins of humanity- Placed Adam and Eve next to “Tribute


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