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TAMU ARTS 150 - Sculptures and Architecture of Renaissance Times

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Arts150 1st Edition Lecture 7Outline of Current Lecture I. The Greco-Roman influence on Sculptures and Architecture of Renaissance TimesCurrent Lecture- Prepare for in class Writing Workshop- Mon Feb 6o Read Ch9 pg 180, 182- Art of Greco-Roman Sculpture was basis for Christian arto Idea of denoting motion originally Greco-Roman- Nanni di Banco “Four Crowned Martyrs” Marble 6’ 1409-1417o In orsanmicheleo Includes paragone- which is the debate about which media of art- sculpture or painting- best conveys the arts purpose and story Banco’s response is clear as he tells a story with his sculptural reliefo Included a sculptural reliefo Florentine Guild of Sculptors, Architects, and Masonso Common Renaissance problem: integrating figures and space on a monumental space This sculpture dealt with this problem as the characters interact and their draping’s interweave- Façade- the front of a work (ie sculpture or bldg.)o Usually emphasizing the most important aspect of the bldg.o i.e. columnated doorway- originally Greco-roman and picked up by renaissance- Michelozzo di Bartolomeo “Medici Palace” Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence 1446-1460o Bartolomeo was a collaborator with Michelangelo on many projectso Rustification- squared off, horizontal bands, monumental coherence, rough surfaces, severity of bldh Seen in Palazzo Vecchio which is located in square of Florence- Medici Palace was modeled after this palaceo The Medici Palace was built around a courtyard 1st domestic bldg. built around courtyard- used as art galleryo Medici Palace changes from heavy stones at base to lighter stones at topo Cornice- a heavily decorated ledge- with molding/crowning Derived from Greco-Roman architecture as seen in Roman Pantheono Second story had tall windows surrounding the courtyardThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o Sgraffito- decorated by adding layers of tinted plaster- Donatello “David” 1446-1460 Bronze 62”o 1st displayed in Medici Courtyardo 1st free standing nude statue since Greco-Roman timeso Donatello reinvented nudes with Christian hero instead of Pagan gods David was symbol of liberty/freedom- a favored topic in Florence in light of Milan’s attempt of takeover - Head of Goliath is in between David’s Feeto Self awareness and discovery of body- David looks  admiringly at his own bodyo Made of Bronze- shows Donatello’s keen and clear idea of what he wanted to do because he had to make a mold unlike marble where it can be a continuous processo Stood on platform that said “the victor is whoever defends the fatherland”- Donatello’s David’s Significanceo 1st free standing nude since ancient timeso Incorporated biblical characters and nudityo Displayed contrapposto or counterbalance- human figure standing with 1 foot so shoulder and arms twist off axis of hips o Theme of David as the symbol of Florenceo Lost wax technique of Bronze Casting


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