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U of M ARTH 1001 - Ancient East Asia

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Terms:ARTH 1001 1st Edition Lecture 4Outline of Last Lecture II. Scope of the ClassIII. Mainland Greece/Aegean Islands/Modern Day TurkeyIV. Alexander the Great’s ConquestV. Greek ArtVI. Development of the Greek TempleVII. Greek Pottery: SymposiumVIII. Classical EraIX. Classical Athens: After the Persian WarsX. Hellenistic PeriodXI. Roman Art and ArchitectureOutline of Current Lecture I. Shanga. Si Mu Wub. Piece Mold CastingII. Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn, Warring StatesIII. Warring States (481-221 BCE)IV. Western Han/Eastern Hana. Mawangdui, Changsha (Hunan): family cemetery of Li Can (d. 186 BCE), Marquis of ChangshaCurrent LectureTitle: Ancient East Asian ArtRequired Readings:Art through the Ages, Book C pp. 449-459.LotharLedderose, “A Magic Army for the Emperor,” in Ten Thousand Things: Module and Mass Production in Chinese Art(Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 2000), pp. 51-74.Terms:- Piece-mold casting/lost-wax casting: a bronze-casting method in which a figure si modeled in wax and covered in clay; the whole is fired, melting away the wax and hardening the clay, which then becomes a mold for the molten metal (Book C, 507)These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Lacquer-ware: a varnishlike substance made from the sap of the Asiiatic sumac tree, used to decorate wood and other organic materials. Often colored with mineral pigments. (Book C, 453)- Mingqi (luminous vessel): mortuary substituteList of Works:- Ritual Vessel, Shang, 12th to 11th century BCE, bronze,Asian Art Museum, San Francisco- Terracotta Army of the First Emperor, Qin, ca. 210 BCE,ceramic, Lintong (Shaanxi)- Funerary Banner from Mawangdui, Han, ca. 168 BCE,painting on silk, Hunan Provincial MuseumEast Asia=Sinosphere (Dominant usage of Chinese characters)Yellow River-Less rainfall, Colder (Beijing)Yangzi- More rainfall, more humid/temperate (Shanghai)I. Shang- First state- Lasted almost 500 years- Oracle Bone Inscription (Helped verify Shang)o Plastron (sea turtle shell)o Scapula (ox shoulder blade)o Calligraphyo Writing is the backbone of Chinese artPyromancyo Using Stress CrackSi Mu Wu- Excavated in Anyang in 1938, now in NationalMuseum (Beijing)- Used to cook meat for ancestors that died- Religion based on family matters- Tetrapod cauldron (four legs)- Casting process used multiple ceramic molds(patina)- Flanges: forms coming off of an objectXiaotun, M5, Tomb of Fu Hao(consort of Wu Ding, discovered in 1976)II. Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn, WarringStatesMingqi (“luminous vessels”):mortuary substitutesMeant for holding alcohol, perhapsgrain winePiece-Mold CastingRitualistic items foundHuman sacrifices (afterlife-provided servants for Fu Hao)Entertainers, Scribes, etcIII. Warring States (481-221 BCE)- 221-China became China- Unified measurement, legal system, ideology, etc- China: comes from word QinAcrobats Pit: mortuary substitute for entertainmentWaterfowl garden pit-like figurinesIV. Western Han/Eastern HanMawangdui, Changsha (Hunan): family cemetery of Li Can (d. 186BCE), Marquis of ChangshaTomb 2: Male PatriarchTomb 3: SonTomb 1:Lady Dai or Xin Zhui, wife of Li Cang- Well preservedo Middle age, back pain, buried with cane,50s or 60so Nested lacquer-ware coffinso Lac (tree)o Immortality-centered designs on coffin(cloud-like/thin/vapor-like)o Painted Funerary banner (lingjing) FromTob 1 (Lady Dai) at Mawangdui, Changsha,(Hunan), ca. 168 BCE“Terrocotta Army” Pit no. 1 ca 209 BCEFirst Emperor’s Necropolis in Lintong (Shaanxi)- Facing as if ready to engage in battle- Pit 1 not fully excavated- Carry real weapons based on their position- Once were colored to look real- Supposed to realisticallyrepresent (no two ears alike)- Terracotta figurines last longer than real soldiers (don’t


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