UGA CBIO 2200 - Final Exam Study Guide (65 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 62, 63, 64, 65 of actual document.

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Chapters 1-3, Atlas A, 5-9, 11-16


Pages:
65
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Georgia
Course:
Cbio 2200 - Anat & Physiol I
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

CBIO 2200 1nd Edition Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 1 22 Covers Chapters 1 3 Atlas A 5 9 11 16 Chapter 1 Anatomy The Study of Form Anatomy the study of structure form Physiology the study of function Ways to examine the structure of the human body o Inspection simply looking at the body s appearance o Palpation feeling a structure with the hands o Auscultation listening to the natural sounds made by the body such as heart and lung sounds o Percussion examiner taps on body feels for abnormal resistance and listens to the emitted sound for signs of abnormalities such as pockets of fluid or air o Dissection carefully cutting and separating tissues to reveal their relationships o Cadaver dissection of a dead human body o Comparative anatomy the study of multiple species in order to examine similarities and differences and analyze evolutionary trends o Exploratory surgery opening the body and looking inside to see what was wrong and what could be done about it o Medical imaging replaced exploratory surgery in modern times methods of viewing the inside of the body without surgery e g x rays o Gross anatomy structure that can be seen by the naked eye not under microscope Radiology branch of medicine concerned with medical imaging Histology microscopic anatomy viewing cells under a microscope Histopathology microscopic examination of tissues for signs of disease Cytology study of the structure and function of individual cells Ultrastructure refers to fine detail down to the molecular level revealed by the electron microscope Physiology The Study of Function Sub disciplines of physiology o Neurophysiology physiology of the nervous system o Endocrinology physiology of hormones o Pathophysiology mechanisms of disease Comparative physiology the study of how different species have solved problems of life such as water balance respiration and reproduction o Basis for new drugs and medical procedures The Scientific Method A Uniform Approach to Experimentation Created by Rene



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