IUB SPH-M 333 - M333StudyGuide2 (9 pages)

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M333StudyGuide2



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M333StudyGuide2

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Pages:
9
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Sph-M 333 - Sport in America: Hist Perspectv
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M333 Study Guide Harold Red Grange the most spectacular player of the era o running back at the university of Illinois o fans were thrilled by Grange s ability to elude tacklers for long o helped inaugurate the 67 000 seat memorial stadium in illinios o nickname the galloping ghost American Sports Star o traditional qualities embraced by Americans strong work ethic abstention from tobacco and drink a determination to overcome financial disadvantages gracious to his fans praise o millions would watch weekly newsreels being shown in motion picture theaters o Grange dropped out of college and on barnstorming tour where he would receive half of the gate receipts o broke the myth of amateur college sports o I m out to get the money and I don t care who knows it o played for George Hales bears attracted record attendance 250k o businessman radio television football commentator after his football career o Red Grange established the importance of big time college football in American popular culture Knute Rockne o 13 years at helm of fighting irish fabled football tradtion o grew national fan base for former students subway alumni dedicated fans who had neither attend the university nor set foot on the campus o he was the American dream US from Norway at 5 years old Played football track Chemistry degree o Notre Dame Open Play Amazes Army o assistant coach at ND taught freshman chemistry o fabricated story about Wabash o wanted to make ND the yale of the west o playing a national schedudle army and navy USC o 1918 accpeted position of head coach o 1919 9 0 o 1920 undefeated national champions o ended career with 5 national championships Glenn Pop Warner o most creative coach of the period innovative offense formations and plays design shoulder pads and helmets numbers on back of jerseys created youth football program in 1929 Construction of stadiums By 1920 s football was the driving financial force for athletic departments o attendance more than doubled o people were willing to pay good money for a ticket o universities began to construct large stadiums institution encourage wealthy alumni and state legislatures to donate large sums of money to build memorials in the form of football stadiums to honor 63 000 Americans that lost their lives in France 1914 o Yale Bowl completed 1921 o Ohio State horse shaped stadium 63 000 1924 o Michigan countered 73 000 By 1930 o seven additional stadiums 70 000 seats Institutions with serious football aspirations had stadiums with 30 000 o the sheer physical size of the stadium dwarfs the significance of the library laboratory and lecture hall 1926 George Taliaferro He was the first African American drafted by a National Football League team As the leading rusher and an All American at Indiana University he led the Hoosier football program to their only undefeated Big Ten Conference championship A three time All America Taliaferro led the Hoosiers in rushing twice punting in 1945 and passing in 1948 Taliaferro helped break the color barrier in sports playing for the Hoosiers two years before Jackie Robinson suited up for the Brooklyn Dodgers He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1981 Jesse Owens Win four gold medals in the 1936 Berlin Olympics Games marred by controversy and fraught with great strength because of Adolph Hitler s Nazi regime and belief in Aryan racial supremacy Victories in the 100 200 meter dashes long jump and 400 meter relay 1968 Olympics o stood for social issues Tommie Smith John Carlos Dr Harry Edwards Olympic organizer of human rights Paul Robeson Stacking Theory Stacking loy mcelvogue Whites found in thinking and outcome control problems Whites found in central positions Blacks found in speed positions blacks found in reacting Outdated phenenomen Historical trends of stacking in SEC History of African American Golf o John Shippen First black professional golfer African American Native American Won the 1913 US Open 4th Hid his identity No blacks clause The Best Black Golfers o Hustlers placed bets taught lessons o Challenged the PGA no blacks Charlie Sifford o First African American to play on the PGA tour 1960 o Hartford open 1967 shot a final round 64 to become first to win a PGA tour event o Faced extreme prejudice discrimination and death threats o 924 145 career earnings o world golf hall of fame 2004 History of African American Tennis African American Tennis Participation o Blacks played at black Ivy League colleges on faculty courts o Black colleges with faculty courts were Howard Lincoln Tuskegee o First black college tournament at Tuskegee in 1895 o 1898 a public tournament was held in Philadelphia o inter city team play between Philadelphia DC NY and Baltimore by 1899 to 1910s o played by socially prominent blacks o growth social interaction tournaments training of juniors development of courts schools colleges American Tennis Association ATA o Oldest African American sports organization in the United States o Formed in 1916 when team members from Baltimore and DC met in DC to develop tennis among blacks formation of clubs and courts formation of local associations development of junior players o first national tournament at Druid Park Baltimore 1917 23 clubs 39 in mens singles doubles and womens singles o Sports Broadcasting Act 1961 o Permitted leagues to pool their broadcast rights and sell them as a single entity Pete Rozelle Boone o Pete rozelle moved the league s headquarters to Park Avenue in downtown Manhattan close by the offices of the three television networks o Rozelle proposed to the owners that the league sell the TV rights of all teams in a single package and that each franchise share equally in the income o For 1962 and 1963 season CBS paid 4 650 000 per season amounting to 330 000 per team o Roone Arledge launched his weekend sports anthology Wide World of Sports o In its first year Wild World Sports reported on rodeos from small lawns in the west track meets in Iowa tennis is Mexico soccer from London auto racing from Le Mans curling from Canada hyrdroplaning from Seattle mountain climbing in the Alps and surfing from Maui o In 1964 the AFL signed a five year 42 million contract with NBC Super Sunday and Monday Night o With Rozelle s greatly expanded 26 team empire now tucked under one tent o He opted for the more regal title if Super Bowl o He designate it with a distinctive Roman numeral Super Bowl V o The first game was telecast by both NBC and CBS which sold advertising at 35


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