IUB SPH-M 333 - M333 Study Guide (13 pages)

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M333 Study Guide



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M333 Study Guide

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Pages:
13
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Sph-M 333 - Sport in America: Hist Perspectv
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M333 Study Guide 09 30 2014 Chapter 1 quarter horse racing Anglicans who gravitated to Chesapeake Bay brought quarter horse racing from England gambling Development of sports in early regions Puritans Simple Ungodly activities leisure Anglicans Similar to puritans Puritans suppress butchery sports o Killing of animals Quakers Philly o No leisure Penn o Yes leisure More colonies with water sports Less colonies horse racing gambling o Wealthy o Trotting poor people Lacrosse America s first Popular around the great lakes esp North East Played on days on end was apart of their culture Chapter 2 Baseball The Baseball Hall of Fame Cooperstown Opened on 100th anniversary of Doubleday s mythical revelation 1939 Abner Doubleday General in Union Army Died in 1893 Obituary had no mention of baseball 1839 second year cadet at west point wrote a set of rules for the game of baseball New technologies that impacted on early professional era Railroads made possible efficient team travel Telegraph companies sent game results across the nation with incredible speed New printing presses ground out information that stimulated demand for even more Harry Wright Cricket player baseball Developed strategies still used o Practices physical condition sobriety Designed uniforms Cincinnati red stocking Scheduled games Henry Chadwick Box score stats o Created composite box score by 1860s o Introduced batting averages Born in England a moral recreation author of the game of base ball 1868 First organized major league Cincinnati Red Stockings Chicago White Stockings NAPBBP o National Association of Professional Base Ball Players Dominated by Wright s Boston team Southern league had 18 different team franchises Established in 1876 o Driven by William A Hulbert o Chicago Boston New York Hartford Cincinnati Louisville St Louis Philadelphia 8 teams William A Hulbert Driving force behind the creation of the National League President of the Chicago White Stockings Banned Sunday games prohibited sale of beer encouraged female attendance Moses Fleetwood Walker American Association considered Major league back then The first African American to play in the major league Team sport as employers perspective Team sport as politicians and social workers perspective Chapter 3 Athletics Football Walter Camp 1800 Father of Modern Football o first rule was adjusting starters 15 11 o establishment of line of scrimmage o snap from center to quarterback Glenn Pop Werner Carlisle Indian football coach Arguably the most innovative and creative coach of his generation Introduced a no huddle offense new formations that sought to take advantage of his squad s speed and lack of size Coached Jim Thorpe Board of Regents 1984 University of Oklahoma vs University of Georgia Athletic Association o Supreme Court o Violated Sherman Anti Trust Act Prohibits certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be anti competitive o Television rights negotiated Profitization of College Sport Products NCAA Men s basketball tournament is the only tournament where they profit Formation of the NCAA Roosevelt lead 2 white house conferences to encourage reform o Chancellor Henry 1910 o IAAUS transitioned to NCAA in 1910 1921 o first NCAA national championship occurred basketball 1939 o Oregon won Execute 88 championships for 89 sports in Division 1 2 3 Student Athlete student organized and administered student financed decided eligibility rules Bachelor Culture Sporting fraternity Pointed to the direction that organized sport would take in the decades to come Chapter 4 The Modernization of American Sports Marquis of Queensberry Rule Padded gloves 3 minute rounds 10 second knockouts a limited number of rounds abolition of wrestling hitting below the belt holding and eye gouging Richard Kyle Fox Purchased national police gazette Bible of the barber shop in 1877 Promoter of prize fighting Created six weight classes championship belts for each Sponsored bout negotiated with fighters and managers Challenged anti boxing laws in the courts patron of sports o he knew nothing of any game or sport except boxing demonstrated ability of the media to create sport stars John Sullivan Boston strong boy America s first sport star Feud w Richard kyle fox New York Athletic Club 1885 riffle range indoor swimming gym bowling ally billiards boathouse outdoor track tennis courts high level of new york society men could have membership host annual indoor track competition as MSG until 1970s Background of how golf became popular 1890s men women of all ages could play provided moderate exercise in the open air mental physical challenges conducive to handicapping and betting seldom produced serious physical injury 1 040 courses by 1900 4 12 holes 9 holes in 1900 18 holes in 1920 clubs provided members with a clear social separation from the common citizen Thomas Hughes Published tom brown s schooldays in 1857 o Impacted middle class America o million copies within a year book contributed to Muscular Christianity movement o participation in vigorous sports competition would produce a young man who understood the values of fair play good sportsmanship 10 commandments o molded the mind body spirit into evangelical package YMCA Young Men s Christian Association England 1844 spread to US before the Civil War Only young boys could be members girls fell to camp fire girls and girl scouts Boy scouts 1910 Theodore Roosevelt was influential James Naismith Introduced basketball Ban Johnson Commission member President AL Real power in the commission Federal Baseball Club v National League One of two industries to get an antitrust exemption The Sherman anti trust act United States Supreme Court Case in 1922 Justice Holmes declared baseball exempt from antitrust laws Jim Thorpe Native American 1912 track and field gold medalist in Stockholm MLB NFL NBA Hoosiers football coach in 1915 America s Greatest Athlete First all professional baseball team Cincy Red Stockings Babe Ruth Home run slugger Chapter 6 Women in Sports Wilma Rudolph 5 11 track star had polio but overcome her disability to become a basketball player first American woman to win 3 golds in one Olympics 1960 o set world records in all 3 events was proclaimed the fastest woman in the world Alice Coachman 1948 o First African American women to win a gold medal o only American woman to win a gold medal in athletics in those games Mildred Babe Didrikson Zaharis Shattered records in several sports Un married self


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